Questions tagged [planar-graphs]

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Problem unsolvable in $2^{o(n)}$ on inputs with $n$ bits, assuming ETH?

If we assume the Exponential-Time Hypothesis, then there is no $2^{o(n)}$ algorithm for $n$-variable 3-SAT, and many other natural problems, such as 3-COLORING on graphs with $n$ vertices. Notice ...
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What is simplest polynomial algorithm for PLANARITY?

There are several algorithms that decide in polynomial time whether a graph can be drawn in the plane or not, even many with a linear running time. However, I could not find a very simple algorithm ...
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I want an easy Gadget to prove Planar Hamiltonian Cycle NP-Complete (from Hamiltonian Cycle)

It is known that Hamiltonian (Ham for short) Cycle is NP-complete and that Planar Ham Cycle is NP-Complete. The proof for Planar Ham Cycle is not from Ham Cycle. Is there a nice gadget that will, ...
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Exact planar electrical flow

Consider an electrical network modeled as a planar graph G, where each edge represents a 1Ω resistor. How quickly can we compute the exact effective resistance between two vertices in G? ...
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Time complexity of counting triangles in planar graphs

Counting triangles in general graphs can be done trivially in $O(n^3)$ time and I think that doing much faster is hard (references welcome). What about planar graphs? The following straightforward ...
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Complexity of the densest $k$-subgraph problem on planar graphs

In the densest $k$-subgraph problem, one is given an undirected graph $G$ and wants to find a set of vertices $N$ with $|N| = k$ such that the number of edges in the subgraph of $G$ induced by $N$ is ...
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Hard Problems for higher genus graphs

Planar graphs have genus zero. Graphs embeddable on a torus have genus at most 1. My question is simple : Are there any problems that are polynomially solvable on planar graphs but NP-hard on graphs ...
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Is Node Multiway Cut NP-complete on planar graphs when all terminals lie on the outer face?

I am interested in the following problem. Node Multiway Cut on Planar Graphs with terminals on the outer face Instance: A plane graph G, and integer k, and a set $S \subseteq V(G)$ of terminals which ...
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The existence of planar distance preserver?

Let G be an n-node undirected graph, and let T be a node subset of V(G) called terminals. A distance preserver of (G,T) is a graph H satisfying the property $$d_H(u,v) = d_G(u,v)$$ for all nodes u, v ...
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Decomposing graphs of genus one

Planar graphs are $K_{3,3}$-free. Such graphs can be decomposed into tri-connected components, which are known to be either planar or $K_5$ components. Is there such a "nice" decomposition of ...
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Planar graph via the intersection of fat thingies?

There is a beautiful theorem of Koebe (see here) that states that any planar graph can be drawn as kissing graph of disks (very romantic...). (Putting it somewhat differently, any planar graph can be ...
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Which properties of planar graphs generalize to higher dimension / hypergraphs?

A planar graph is a graph which can be embedded in the plane, without having crossing edges. Let $G=(X,E)$ be a $k$-uniform-hypergraph, i.e. an hypergraph such that all its hyperedges have size k. ...
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Combinatorial embedding of a graph

Here : http://www.planarity.org/Klein_elementary_graph_theory.pdf (in chapter embeddings) is given definition of combinatorial embedding of a planar graph. (with definition of faces and so on) Though ...
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Planarity of planar finite automata intersection

It was shown that any regular language can be specified by planar $\varepsilon$-free nondeterministic finite automaton (Bezáková, Ivona, and Martin Pál. "Planar finite automata."). Is it ...
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"Snake" reconfiguration problem

While writing a small post on the complexity of the videogames Nibbler and Snake; I found that they both can be modeled as reconfiguration problems on planar graphs; and it seems unlikely that such ...
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Largest common subgraph of two maximal planar graphs

Consider the following problem - Given maximal planar graphs $G_1$ and $G_2$, find the graph $G$ with maximum number of edges such that there is a subgraph (not necessarily induced) in both $G_1$ and ...
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Directed Sparsest Cut on Planar Graphs?

The (uniform) directed sparsest cut problem asks for a cut $(S,\bar{S})$ in a directed graph $G=(V,E)$ which minimize the ratio $\frac{\delta_{out}(S) }{|S||\bar{S}|}$, where $\delta_{out}$ is the ...
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MSO properties, planar graphs and minor-free graphs

Courcelle's theorem states that every graph property definable in monadic second-order logic can be decided in linear time on graphs of bounded treewidth. This is one of the most well-known ...
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What's the expected length of the shortest hamiltonian path on a randomly selected points from a planar grid?

$k$ distinct points are selected randomly from a $p\times q$ grid. (Obviously $k\leq p\times q$ and is a given constant number.) A complete weighted graph is built from these $k$ points such that ...
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Fast deletion / contraction in combinatorial embedding

I wonder if there is a sublinear algorithm to make deletion or contraction of an edge in a combinatorial embedding of, lets say, planar graph? Since in combinatorial embedding we have to maintain ...
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Can one find good distance-2-separators in planar graphs?

It is known that planar graphs admit "good" separators, allowing to design PTASes for specific problems such as MINIMUM INDEPENDENT SET by recursive separation of the graph. However, it ...
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Partition planar graph into connected subgraphs of equal size

Work Jünger, Michael, Gerhard Reinelt, and William R. Pulleyblank. "On partitioning the edges of graphs into connected subgraphs." Journal of graph theory 9.4 (1985): 539-549. states that for 4-...
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Does Max Planar 3-SAT admit a PTAS?

Suppose we are given a formula $\phi$ of 3-SAT, with variables $x_1,\dots, x_n$ and clauses $C_1,\dots, C_m$. Consider the graph $G_\phi$ where there is one node for each clause $C_i$, for each ...
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3-coloring of specific planar graphs

Consider any tree $T$ with $n>2$ vertices and $k$ leaves. Let's denote $G(T)$ a graph constructed from $T$ by connecting its leaves into $k$-cycle in such way that $G(T)$ is planar. In case I wasn'...
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Understanding bounded-diameter decomposition of graphs for PTAS

While trying to understand Baker's approach (also explained in this article by Eppstein) to designing PTAS's for planar graphs, I came across a difficulty. The idea is, given an integer $k$, ...
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Algebraic methods for testing planarity

Mac Lane's planarity criterion states that a graph is planar if and only if it has a cycle basis such that each edge is contained in at most two cycles, we call such a basis a 2-basis. A 2-basis of a ...
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reference clarification: Whitney's theorem on unique embeddability of 3-connected planar graphs?

This is a question about the correct reference for a result that seems to appear frequently in the literature on planar graph isomorphism. In "A $V \log V$ Algorithm for Isomorphism of Triconnected ...
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Can we achieve a better kernel for the Vertex Cover problem on planar graphs?

We have known how to get a $2k$ kernel for the Vertex Cover problem for thirty years, and it is not expected to be improved assuming UGC. My question is, can we do better for planar graphs? It is easy ...
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Embedded dynamic programming (and planar subgraph isomorphism)

In Planar Subgraph Isomorphism Revisited, Frederic Dorn obtains an improved algorithm for Planar Subgraph Isomorphism, by using a technique he calls Embedded Dynamic Programming. This technique ...
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Need an efficient algorithm to visit all nodes of a graph, revisiting edges and nodes is allowed

Update: This is my solution with Kruskal's Algorithm, although it doesn't take into account real "path". Brute force may be the only solution. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VbSwwos4R2E I ...
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Complexity of optimal elimination for a planar tensor network

Edit Dec 15 it's not obvious this problem is tractable when further restricting to trees, see cs.SE question Suppose we need to sum out variables in a tensor network (a factor graph where each ...
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Enumerating homologies of disjoint paths

I am reading this recent paper by Schrijver, in particular, section 4.2: Enumerating homologies of disjoint paths. I did not understand how do they re-route the paths through a spanning tree and ...
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Fáry-Like Theorems for nonplanar graphs

Let $cr(G)$ be the crossing number of a graph $G$, i.e. the minimum possible number of edge crossings over all valid drawings of $G$ in the plane. In general the edges of $G$ may be represented as ...
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How much is known about coloring of planar graphs with degree bounds?

Are there any references that address the following (open?) questions: 1) Is there an algorithm that 4-colors any planar graph of maximal degree at most 5 in linear time? 2) What is the largest ...
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Graph planar drawing, with each edge's length is known

Assuming I have a graph $G$, with edges $E$ and vertices $V$, and the length of each edge is known, but the coordinates of vertices are not. Further assume that this is a graph that can be embedded ...
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