# Questions tagged [proof-complexity]

propositional proof systems and corresponding bounded arithmetic theories

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### Challenges and Optimization Techniques for Translating Pratt's Certificates to CNF

I am investigating Pratt's result that Primality is in NP. This means that for a given natural number input X, there exists a CNF that is satisfiable if and only if X is a prime number. I am trying to ...
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### Understanding the definition of a "restriction of a resolution derivation"

I am reading the paper An Introduction to Lower Bounds on Resolution Proof Systems. In its subsection 2.3 the author gives an inductive definition of the restriction of a resolution refutation $\pi$. ...
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### Efficient transformation of clausal proof into resolution proof

Clausal proof is used to certify unsat results of SAT solvers. However the main theoretical results are on resolution proof (for instance, the non existence of a polynomial resolution proof for the ...
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### Transforming a DAG-like resolution proof to a tree like resolution proof

How can a DAG-like resolution proof be transformed to a tree-like resolution proof? Is such a transformation possible in polynomial time?
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### Resolution augmented with the rule of symmetry or the rule of extension

Krishnamurthy (here is the abstract of his paper) showed that resolution augmented with the principle of symmetry forms a proof system (referred to as SR) in which certain formulas (which do not admit ...
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### Resolution vs Nondeterministic Search Problems

It is well known that each resolution refutation $\Pi$ for an unsatisfiable CNF formula $F = C_1\wedge C_2 \wedge ... \wedge C_m$ over variables $X$ can be translated in polynomial time (in the size ...
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### IPS upper bound for subset sum axiom

I am reading the following paper Michael A. Forbes, Amir Shpilka, Iddo Tzameret, Avi Wigderson ,"Proof Complexity Lower Bounds from Algebraic Circuit Complexity", 2016. IPS is defined as follows: ...
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### Construct proof systems for common algorithmic task, like equivalence of regular expressions

A propositional proof system according to Cook and Reckhow for a language $L \subseteq \Sigma^{\ast}$ is a deterministic polynomial time function $f : \Sigma^{\ast} \to L$ that is onto. For $y \in L$ ...
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1 vote
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### Proof of Correctness of Bottleneck Dijkstra Algorithm [closed]

I am working on a bottleneck multicast tree for which I am using bottleneck Dijkstra algorithm. My question is 1) bottleneck Dijkstra has the same correctness as that of (simple) Dijkstra or not ? 2)...
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### Is there any work relating type systems and Cook-Reckhow proof systems?

An important subfield of computational complexity is proof complexity, mostly due to Cook and Reckhow. E.g. one notable result is that a proof system that has efficient proofs (i.e., in length ...
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### In regards to the tautologies of a polynomially-bounded propositional proof system

In the book 'Logical Foundations of Proof Complexity', co-authored by Stephen Cook, the following definition is given: A proof-system $F$ is said to be polynomially-bounded if there is a polynomial p(...
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### Lower Bounds for Frege and Extended Frege

Wikipedia [1] states that the best known lower bound for size of Frege proofs is quadratic, and that there is no known superlinear lower bounds for the number of lines of Frege proofs. Questions: 1)...
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### On the difference between propositional proof system and polynomially-bounded proof system

For the definition of a propositional proof system we have: An abstract proof system is a polynomial time function f whose range is equal to the set of tautologies. If τ is a tautology, then an f-...
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### On the (Cook) definition of a propositional proof system [closed]

Def: An abstract proof system is a polynomial time function f whose range is equal to the set of tautologies. If T is a tautology, then an f-proof of T is any value w such that f(w)= T I'm a bit ...
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### Techniques for showing intermediate status between $\mathsf{NP \cap coNP}$ and coNP-completeness

Inspired by Suresh's post, for a new problem in $\mathsf{coNP}$, whose true proof complexity is intermediate between $\mathsf{NP \cap coNP}$ and being coNP-complete, I am interested in methods which ...
1 vote
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### Do problems have to be statable in $\Pi_1$ to use Levin's universal search to find short proofs if P=NP

In If P=NP, could we obtain proofs of Goldbach's Conjecture etc.? it talks about the hypothetical world where P=NP and using the proof of it to prove a problem/theorem assuming that it has a short ...
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Proof complexity is a most basic area of computational complexity theory. An ultimate purpose of this area is to prove $NP\neq coNP$, that is, any prover cannot give a proof of unsatisfiability of ...