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Questions tagged [random-walks]

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Missing proof in Salil Vadhan's monograph on pseudorandomness, Random Walks and S-T Connectivity

In Salil Vadhan's monograph on pseudorandomness, chapter 2, half of the proof of Lemma 2.51 is missing http://people.seas.harvard.edu/~salil/pseudorandomness/power.pdf . I don't state the full lemma ...
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135 views

research problem for undergraduate majoring in Computer Science and Mathematics

I am wondering if somebody can suggest a small research problem for undergraduate majoring in Computer Science and Mathematics. Would love to work with random matrices or wavelets.
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0answers
100 views

How many distinct vertices does a random walk visit until it mixes?

Consider an arbitrary undirected simple connected graph having vertex set $V$ and edge set $E$, and a lazy simple random walk on it. How many distinct vertices does the random walk visit until it ...
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1answer
283 views

Find an approximate argmax using only approximate max queries

Consider the following problem. There are $n$ unknown values $v_1, \cdots, v_n \in \mathbb{R}$. The task is to find the index of the largest one using only queries of the following form. A query ...
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1answer
184 views

A random walk that moves to less-visited nodes

Consider a random walk on an undirected graph that keeps track of how many times it has visited every node. At each step, it moves to the node among its neighbors which has been visited the least ...
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1answer
884 views

Probability of two vertices being connected by some path in a random directed graph

Define $G(n, p)$ as a random directed graph ($n$ vertices; we put edge between two vertices with probability $p$). What are the known results for the following problem: Fix two vertices $v$ and $u$...
6
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1answer
196 views

Graph that maximizes minimum hitting time?

Let $G$ be some connected bidirectional (or undirected) graph. We define a random walk as a walk that begins at a vertex chosen uniformly at random, and at each step proceeds to one of its current ...
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2answers
2k views

Random walk and mean hitting time in a simple undirected graph

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a simple undirected graph on $n$ vertices and $m$ edges. I'm trying to determine the expected running time of Wilson's algorithm for generating a random spanning tree of $G$. There, ...
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1answer
1k views

Paths and Probabilities for a Random Walk on a Graph

I'm working on a problem about $N$ nodes that are randomly positioned on a rectangular grid. I want to take a sample of $n\leq N$ nodes by randomly selecting the first node then visiting the nearest ...
23
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1answer
504 views

The randomized query complexity of the conjoined trees problem

An important 2003 paper by Childs et al. introduced the "conjoined trees problem": a problem admitting an exponential quantum speedup that's unlike just about any other such problem that we know of. ...
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2answers
1k views

Applications of Quantum Walks?

Can someone explain to me what real world applications could potentially benefit from the study of quantum random walks? I have researched a fair amount on how quantum walks operate and their ...
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0answers
113 views

Concentration of Stationary Distribution on Random Directed Graphs

We consider a random directed graph with fixed out-degree $d$. Each vertex chooses $d$ neighbors with replacement, uniformly and independently. Self-loops and multiple arcs are allowed in this model. ...
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197 views

Expected length of a self-avoiding random walk

We're given an arbitrary graph $G=(V,E)$. A self-avoiding random walk is a random walk such that in each step, a random neighbour which was not previously visited is chosen, if such one exists. ...
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1answer
248 views

Random walk returning probability

Consider a two-dimensional random walk, but this time the probabilities are not $1/4$, but some values $p_1, p_2, p_3, p_4$ with $\sum_{i=1}^4 p_i=1$. For example, from $(0,0)$, it goes to $(1,0)$ ...
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3answers
1k views

Number of distinct nodes in a random walk

Commute time in a connected graph $G=(V,E)$ is defined as the expected number of steps in a random walk starting at $i$, before node $j$ is visited and then node $i$ is reached again. It is basically ...
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0answers
331 views

Cheeger's inequality for directed graphs?

Cheeger's inequality can be used to relate the size of the worst cut in the graph to the eigenvalue gap of a simple random walk on that graph. I am wondering if it possible to extend this result to ...
9
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1answer
290 views

Cover time and spectral gap for reversible random walks

I am looking for a theorem which say something like this: if the cover time of a reversible Markov chain is small, then the spectral gap is large. Here the spectral gap means $1-|\lambda_2|$, that is, ...
8
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1answer
964 views

How should one simulate self-avoiding random walks?

There is a trivial method for simulating a random walk through a graph by exponentiating a stochastic adjacency matrix, but the problem becomes harder if you ask that the random walk be self-avoiding. ...
6
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1answer
237 views

Self-intersecting walk in expander graphs

Consider a random walk in an expander graph. How much time it typically takes to visit the same vertex twice. It seems to me that it should be something between $\sqrt{n}$ to $\sqrt{n}\log n$. Is ...
9
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3answers
496 views

Technical question about random walks

(My original question still has not been answered. I have added further clarifications.) When analyzing random walks (on undirected graphs) by viewing the random walk as a Markov chain, we require ...
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2answers
1k views

Drunken birds vs drunken ants: random walks between two and three dimensions

It's well known that a random walk in the two dimensional grid will return to the origin with probability 1. It's also known that the same random walk in THREE dimensions has a probability strictly ...
12
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1answer
314 views

Transitioning from quantum to classical random walks on the line

Quick version Are there models of decoherence for the quantum walk on the line such that we can tune the walk to spread as $\Theta(t^k)$ for any $1/2 \leq k \leq 1$? Motivation Classical random ...
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1answer
366 views

Generating graph for random walk given hitting time distribution

given a discrete distribution of hitting time probabilities, is it possible to generate a random walk that generates this hitting time distribution? More specifically I am interested in generating a ...
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3answers
724 views

How can I randomly generate bounded height spanning trees?

For a project that I am working on, I should generate random spanning trees with bounded height. Basically I do the following: 1) Generate a spanning tree 2) Check the feasibility, if feasible keep ...
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2answers
1k views

Cover Time of Directed Graphs

Given a random walk on a graph the cover time is the first time (expected number of steps) that every vertex has been hit (covered) by the walk. For connected undirected graphs, the cover time is ...
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2answers
559 views

One-shot quantum hitting times

In the paper Quantum Random Walks Hit Exponentially Faster (arXiv:quant-ph/0205083) Kempe gives a notion of hitting time for quantum walks (in the hypercube) that is not very popular in the quantum ...
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3answers
1k views

Properties of Random Directed Graphs with Fixed Out-Degree

I am interested in properties of random directed graphs with fixed out-degree $d$. I am imagining a random graph model where each vertex chooses d neighbors (say, with replacement) u.a.r. ...
10
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2answers
223 views

Shuffling of tokens on a graph using local swaps

Let $G= (V, E)$ be a non-regular connected graph whose degree is bounded. Suppose that each node contain a unique token. I want to uniformly shuffle the tokens amongst the graph using only local ...