Questions tagged [reference-request]

Reference-request is used when the author needs to know about work related to the question.

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Citation for isometric embeddability of $\ell_2$ into $\ell_p^\binom{n}{2}$ for $p \geq 1$?

I need to use the following well-known result in my paper: Let $X$ be a set of $n$ points in $\mathbb{R}^d$. Then $(X,\ell_2^d)$ embeds isometrically in $\ell_p^\binom{n}{2}$ for all $p \geq 1$. ...
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1 vote
0 answers
70 views

Hardness of vertex colouring on hypergraphs with $O(\log n)$ edges

I'm interested to know whether there has been any work done on the problem in the title. For the problem to be meaningful, we would naturally need that the hyperedges must have large ($\omega(1)$) ...
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  • 331
1 vote
1 answer
113 views

How can I find dependent rounding procedures with the desirable properties?

I'm seeking for materials on dependent rounding. However, what I've found are two papers: Gandhi, R., Khuller, S., Parthasarathy, S., Srinivasan, A., 2006. Dependent rounding and its applications to ...
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5 votes
0 answers
113 views

Network design with reachability pattern

We are given two sets of terminals $A$ and $B$. For each $a\in A$, we are also given $R_a\subseteq B$. Let $|A|+|B|=n$. We want to find a directed acyclic graph $G$ where $A$ and $B$ are subsets of ...
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10 votes
4 answers
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How do conference proceedings add to academic prestige?

I come from mathematics and, for whatever reason, am trying to publish in theoretical computer science. I'm still trying to understand the role of conference proceedings, and I have two specific ...
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  • 211
2 votes
1 answer
230 views

Is $\{0,1\}$-Vector bin packing NP-Hard when vectors have constant dimension?

The paper https://cs.brown.edu/people/seny/pubs/vbponline.pdf discusses $\{0,1\}$-Vector Bin packing in the online setting and give lower bounds. However, they do not mention anything about the ...
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  • 331
7 votes
1 answer
195 views

Complexity class of efficient streaming algorithms

Consider the class of problems $\mathsf{StreamL}$ which can be solved in logarithmic space reading the input in a single pass from left to right. In other words: $L \in \mathsf{StreamL}$ if there ...
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  • 842
6 votes
3 answers
603 views

Reference Request: Computational Learning Theory

Pretty soon I will be finishing up Understanding Machine Learning by Shai Ben-David and Shai Shalev-Shwartz. I absolutely love the subject and want to learn more, the only issue is I'm having trouble ...
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  • 163
4 votes
1 answer
172 views

What is FO(REGULAR)? (The descriptive complexity equivalent of NC1)

According to Immerman's Descriptive Complexity diagram, there is a logic called $\mathsf{FO(REGULAR)}$ which captures $\mathsf{NC}^1$. However, I can't find the reference where this logic is defined. ...
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  • 842
0 votes
1 answer
179 views

Automatic theorem prover for first-order logic versus model checker

What's the formal difference between a model checker, and an automated theorem prover for first-order logic, i.e. something like Meson/Metis/Sledgehammer/Vampire/E? Link to a clear discussion of the ...
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  • 723
1 vote
1 answer
144 views

Finding the size $k$ subset in a metric space that maximizes the min distance between elements

I have a metric space $(X,d)$ and I'd like to find a subset of size k of far away elements. We can cast this as the following optimization problem $\max_{S \subseteq X, |S| = k} ( \min_{i \not = j, ...
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3 votes
0 answers
104 views

Improving boolean circuits w.r.t. a probability distribution

This is a reference request. Consider the following problem on boolean circuits [ 1 ]: Given: Boolean circuit $B$ and probability distribution $\mathbb{P}$ on inputs to $B$. Task: Find one or more ...
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7 votes
0 answers
160 views

Subgraph isomorphism on graph sequences

I'm looking for a subgraph isomorphism algorithm that takes advantage of properties of graph sequences. Say $\{G_i\}_{i=1}^k$ is a sequence of graphs on vertex set $\{1 ... n\}$, and two consecutive ...
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2 votes
0 answers
115 views

Proof systems induced by NP-complete problems

Satisfiability is the fundamental NP-complete problem. Cook-Reckhow theorem states that the existence of a propositional proof system that admits polynomial size proofs for all tautologies implies ...
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6 votes
0 answers
115 views

Programmatic higher inductive/inductive-inductive types with equalities between equalities

I can think of practical HITs in verified software that capture some form of alpha equivalence, context equivalence or the example which defines well-typed syntax of type theory from Signatures and ...
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2 votes
0 answers
105 views

Complexity of a scheduling problem with a fixed left bound of jobs

Consider the following scheduling problem. We have a finite set of jobs $\mathcal{J}= \{j_1, j_2, ..., j_n\}$ to do. Every job $j_i$ has its own value $c_i$ (the amount of money we are paid for ...
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2 votes
2 answers
129 views

On the coloring number of small graphs with small cliques

Given a parameter $k$, and a graph $G$ with $O(k^2)$ vertices that has a maximum clique with $\le k$ vertices, I want to investigate the maximum number of colors $C(k)$ needed to properly color $G$, i....
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3 votes
1 answer
278 views

Is this greedy algorithm for vertex cover studied before?

For the vertex cover problem (Given a graph $G$, find a minimum set $S$ of vertices such that $G - S$ is edgeless), there are two famous greedy algorithms. The edge greedy (finding an edge and taking ...
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1 vote
0 answers
1k views

How can I understand the Coppersmith–Winograd algorithm?

I want to do research on matrix multiplication algorithms. I glanced at the Coppersmith-Winograd algorithm paper, but I didn't understand anything. How can I complete the background to read this paper?...
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3 votes
1 answer
126 views

Embarrassingly Parallel: Formal Definition & Citation

I've been unable to find a good answer for this question: Formally, what makes a problem embarrassingly parallel? Intuitively, it would seem to me that an embarrassingly parallel problem is one where: ...
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3 votes
3 answers
723 views

Best parameterized algorithm for maximum clique

I have seen the basic algorithm for the maximum clique problem parameterized by the maximum degree at an algorithms course. However, I struggle to find anything better. Searching for things like "...
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3 votes
0 answers
117 views

Equational Theories for Type Systems

I was reading through Gunter's Semantics of Programming Languages: Structure and Techniques and in the second chapter on simply typed $\lambda$ calculus he introduces an equational theory with $\beta\...
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  • 141
1 vote
1 answer
514 views

Fast Computation of First k Eigenvectors of Graph Laplacian

I'm looking for references for the following; Given the unnormalized Laplacian matrix of a graph $L = D - A, ~ L \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ Algorithm(s) to efficiently estimate the first $k$ (...
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1 vote
0 answers
218 views

Fast algorithms for evaluating functions with high Kolmogorov complexity

Motivation: I am motivated by a concrete example that occurs in neuroscience, dendritic computation, which may be approximated by functions computable on binary trees [1]. To be more precise, I ...
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3 votes
1 answer
203 views

Kolmogorov Complexity of the composition of two computable functions

Let's suppose we encode two computable functions $f$ and $g$ as binary strings so $f,g \in \{0,1\}^*$. What I am curious about is whether we can find good upper and lower bounds for: \begin{equation}...
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3 votes
0 answers
112 views

Isomorphic subforest problem

I recently read that the following problem is NP-Complete: Given a tree $T$, and a forest $F$, is there a subgraph of $T$ isomorphic to $F$? The reference provide was to the textbook “Computers and ...
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15 votes
2 answers
2k views

NP-hard problems with very fast exponential-time algorithms

NP-hard problems with very fast exact exponential-time algorithms, say with $O(1.01^n)$ time, are very rare. Is any fact like "For any constant $\epsilon>0$ there is an NP-hard 'natural' ...
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1 vote
0 answers
102 views

Weighted circular balls into bins

I would like to ask you for a help about modified balls into bins problem. Consider $n$ weighted balls such that each ball has a weight $w_i$ that is at most $W$. Furthermore, each of $m$ bins has a ...
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  • 303
5 votes
1 answer
446 views

If NP in BPP then NP equals RP

I am looking for a reference to the fact that if NP is included in BPP then NP is equal to RP. See for instance these links: https://cs.stackexchange.com/q/80509 http://www.inf.ed.ac.uk/teaching/...
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  • 1,095
8 votes
1 answer
220 views

Complexity of graph isomorphism with properly colored edges (ref. request)

An edge-colored graph $G$ is a graph whose edges are labeled with a color (generally represented by an integer). Such a coloring is proper if all adjacent edges in $G$ have different colors. I ...
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5 votes
1 answer
203 views

Is this a known problem, and is it #P-complete?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an undirected graph. What I call a selection function of $G$ is a partial function $f:V \to E$ such that for every node $v$, if $f(v)$ is defined then it is one of the adjacent edges ...
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  • 1,095
4 votes
0 answers
74 views

When was the dynamic array first used as an example for amortized analysis?

I'm writing a report on amortized analysis, and I'm using the example of a dynamic array to explain each method. I think it would be nice to add a reference to when this example was first used, as it ...
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6 votes
2 answers
160 views

$NP$-Completeness of $\epsilon$-balanced graph partitioning for fixed $\epsilon$

Consider this graph partitioning problem: Let $G = (V, E)$ be a simple undirected graph and $0 \leq \epsilon \leq 1, M \geq 0$ be constants. Are there disjoint subsets $V_1, V_2$ with $V = V_1 \cup ...
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0 votes
1 answer
218 views

A Simple Auction Game

You are playing the following game. You have a budget of $B$ dollars. There are $n$ days. Every day $d$, you have to make a bid $b_d\geq0$ that does not exceed your budget. After making the bid, a ...
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  • 325
5 votes
0 answers
104 views

Reconstructing a colored grid with vertical and horizontal shifts

Consider the following simple problem (puzzle): given a $N \times N$ $c$-colored grid $G$ a $N \times N$ $c$-colored target grid $G_T$ a number $m$ represented in unary Can we transform $G$ into $...
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1 vote
0 answers
220 views

communication complexity lower bound for computing median

In the textbook by Kushilevitz/Nisan, they give an $O(\log n)$-bit protocol for computing the median in the standard 2-party model of communication complexity, where Alice is given a set $X \subseteq [...
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  • 11
8 votes
1 answer
481 views

PHOAS with extrinsic typing?

Parameterized Higher Order Abstract Syntax (PHOAS) is a representation of syntax trees that allows the host language's binding to be used to represent binding in the language being modelled, while ...
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3 votes
0 answers
115 views

Metrics for modelling convergence in the lambda-calculus

I wonder if there have been efforts to reconcile the measure approach to termination and Scott's domain theory or other topological models of computation. In other words, can we translate this measure ...
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4 votes
0 answers
74 views

Short $\exists$SO sentences over strings that define an NP-complete problem

[Q1] I'm wondering if there are some "official" SHORT existential second order sentences with ONE binary relation, over strings (over a small alphabet) that define an NP-complete set. (Something ...
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0 votes
0 answers
49 views

Incompleteness and term extraction

Is there a formalization, which from a proof that a system includes enough arithmetic extracts an arithmetic sentence in the language of PA, which is not provable in the given system? Imagine the ...
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  • 723
9 votes
1 answer
149 views

The source of the modular decomposition graph

When introducing graph modular decomposition, most authors use the 11-vertex graph, which I copy from wikipedia. The question is who is (are) the original designer of it. (I'm not asking who drew ...
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  • 2,530
14 votes
1 answer
525 views

Why is the Greedy Conjecture so difficult?

I recently learned about the Greedy conjecture for the Shortest Superstring Problem. In this problem, we are given a set of strings $s_1,\dots, s_n$ and we want to find the shortest superstring $s$ ...
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4 votes
1 answer
141 views

Eliminating tautological axioms in tree-like $k$-DNF resolution

The propositional proof system $k$-DNF-resolution, a.k.a. $Res(k)$, is a generalization of propositional resolution, where the lines in a proof are $k$-DNF formulas, i.e., disjunctions of $k$-terms of ...
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8 votes
0 answers
255 views

A canonical complete problem for EXP and NEXP in terms of formulae

3SAT is a complete problem for NP. TQBF is a complete problem for PSPACE. Is there direct way to define canonical complete problems for EXP and NEXP in terms of boolean formulae? I have only seen ...
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  • 12.5k
8 votes
1 answer
405 views

On theoretical aproaches for solving $\mathsf{SAT}$ in special cases

In what cases $\mathsf{SAT}$ can be solved in polynomial time? I know two cases: $2$-$\mathsf{SAT}$ and Horn-$\mathsf{SAT}$. Question 1: Is there a reference with algorithms for solving $\mathsf{...
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4 votes
2 answers
209 views

What are some good resources for strengthening my theoretical foundation for machine learning?

I'm a computer science major and I'm taking a lot of machine learning courses. I'm finding that my theoretical foundation on subjects like calculus and linear algebra are not as strong as I'd like ...
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8 votes
3 answers
391 views

Can Non-termination be considered an algebraic effect?

Non-termination is sometimes considered an effect. I have been reading about algebraic effect systems (What is algebraic about algebraic effects and handlers?), and I suspect non-termination (like ...
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4 votes
1 answer
381 views

Satisfiability problems with restricted (not bounded) number of occurrences per variable

Intro It is known that SAT is hard even when restricted to, e.g., formulas with exactly 3 literals per clause and at most 4 occurrences per variable. On the other hand it is easy if there are exactly ...
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5 votes
1 answer
163 views

Counting avoiding improper 3-colorings

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$, what I call an improper $3$-coloring of $G$ is simply a function $c:V \to \{1,2,3\}$. I say that $c$ is $1$-$2$-avoiding when there do not exist two adjacent nodes $u,v$ with $...
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  • 1,095
4 votes
0 answers
132 views

Characterizing the ANF of Single-Cycle Boolean Permutations

Given a function $F: \{0, 1\}^n \to \{0, 1\}^n$, we say that $F$ is a boolean permutation (also sometimes called a vectorial boolean function or an s-box in the literature) if $F$ is a bijection. We ...
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