Questions tagged [reference-request]

Reference-request is used when the author needs to know about work related to the question.

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Reference request: algorithm meta-analyses

Could you direct me to papers that survey families of algorithms? The ideal paper would focus on a single family of algorithms, would show how the improvements in each algorithm work, and ideally ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Reference to "compressibility" of logarithmic space [closed]

Is there a reference somewhere for the result SPACE($O(\log n)$) = SPACE($\log n$)? i.e. Big-O doesn't matter in logspace since you can compress the space. I feel like this is an elementary result but ...
3 votes
1 answer
96 views

Reference request: pi-calculus with simultaneous events

I am interested in using the $\pi$-calculus as a basis for modeling workflows, and came up with an extension that proved useful in my modeling, namely the ability to specify that two or more channel ...
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

polytime approximability of directed multicut

Does anyone know how well directed multicut can be approximated in planar and minor free graphs? Also any survey of approximability of directed multicut and multicut in various graph classes would be ...
2 votes
0 answers
165 views

Order-invariant conjunctive queries are FO-definable without the order

I'm looking for a reference for Exercise 6.11 from Libkin's FMT book: Prove that an order-invariant conjunctive query is FO-definable without the order relation. All help is appreciated.
5 votes
0 answers
79 views

Chosen message attack on unhashed GGH signatures?

Background: I've been reading GGH's Public-Key Cryptosystems from Lattice Reduction Problems, and have a question about a remark the authors make: "It is important to remark at the outset, that ...
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4 votes
0 answers
190 views

Best known hidden constant in complexity of AKS sorting networks

The famous AKS sorting network allows one to sort $N$ elements via a circuit composed out of comparator gates, where the circuit has size $\mathcal{O}(n \log n)$ and depth $\mathcal{O}(\log n)$. The ...
5 votes
0 answers
84 views

reference request: greedy algorithm for fractional interval covering

Reference Request I've found a natural greedy algorithm for the problem below. My question is: what is already known about fast algorithms for this problem (faster than general linear programming, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
295 views

How can I find the PhD thesis of C.A. Ellis?

I've searched for this article all over the web but couldn't find it. can anyone help me? Ellis, C.A. 1969. Probabilistic languages and automata. Rept. no. 355. Dept. Comp. Sc. University of Illinois, ...
1 vote
0 answers
70 views

Reference request on using Kolmogorov complexity to measure the simplicity of models

Have there been any serious attempts to use the notion of Kolmogorov complexity to measure the simplicity of models outside of theoretical CS? I mean models in the english sense - any logical set of ...
4 votes
0 answers
108 views

Origin of simulation relations for compiler correctness

Leroy uses simulation relations as a means of showing compiler correctness; the basic idea is that a simulation relation is an asymmetric binary relation between states in two different small step ...
1 vote
2 answers
109 views

Where to find info on (polytime) approximability of various discrete optimization problems?

Where to find info on (polytime) approximability of various discrete optimization problems? Sorry if this is stupid,but is there a site or reference that keeps up to date info on approximability of ...
11 votes
1 answer
249 views

Is there a language of first-order logic such that every r.e. set is Turing-equivalent to some finitely axiomatizable theory in that language?

I hope that mathematical logic / recursion theory type questions are welcome here. I am sorry this question is so long and technical, but I believe that if you read it you will find that it is well-...
6 votes
1 answer
144 views

Complexity of approximating a real function using queries

Consider the following computational problem, where $I$ is the real interval $[-1,1]$: There is a monotonically-increasing function $f: I\to I$. You are allowed to access it only through queries of ...
5 votes
1 answer
88 views

Complexity of computing the union of H-polytopes in three dimensions

Consider a set $P_1,\ldots,P_k$ of polytopes in $\mathbb{R}^3$, each given as an intersection of halfspaces with rational normals (in particular, they are all convex). We are also given a target ...
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6 votes
1 answer
267 views

Good Survey paper for k-means/k-median/k-center/facility-location

I have stated 4 problems in the Question title. All these problems are closely related and are studied in various variations. For example: Space: Euclidean/metric/discrete/continuous/non-metric/2-...
15 votes
3 answers
530 views

"Refined" list of open problems in TCS

In the conference on learning theory (COLT), a list of open problems is published every year, for example, the list of 2019. The open problems are being submitted and peer reviewed, which makes this ...
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9 votes
2 answers
684 views

Can we efficiently enumerate the words accepted by a DFA by order of increasing weight?

Fix a deterministic finite automaton $A$ defining a regular language on the alphabet $\Sigma = \{0, 1\}$, and call the (Hamming) weight of a word $w \in \Sigma^*$ its number of $1$'s. Given a length $...
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-2 votes
2 answers
407 views

Proof that optimal solutions of LP Relaxation of independent set are half-integral

I saw somewhere that optimal solutions of LP Relaxation of independent set are half-integral, by what I mean the possible values of a solution are ${ \{0,0.5,1 \} }$. I'm looking for proof of that. ...
1 vote
1 answer
143 views

Diagonalization arguments for QMA type proof systems

Diagonalization is a very common technique to find oracle separations. For example, it can be used to separate $\cal{P}$ and $\cal{NP}$, with the essential idea being that of constructing an oracle in ...
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4 votes
1 answer
144 views

Citation for isometric embeddability of $\ell_2$ into $\ell_p^\binom{n}{2}$ for $p \geq 1$?

I need to use the following well-known result in my paper: Let $X$ be a set of $n$ points in $\mathbb{R}^d$. Then $(X,\ell_2^d)$ embeds isometrically in $\ell_p^\binom{n}{2}$ for all $p \geq 1$. ...
1 vote
0 answers
72 views

Hardness of vertex colouring on hypergraphs with $O(\log n)$ edges

I'm interested to know whether there has been any work done on the problem in the title. For the problem to be meaningful, we would naturally need that the hyperedges must have large ($\omega(1)$) ...
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1 vote
1 answer
133 views

How can I find dependent rounding procedures with the desirable properties?

I'm seeking for materials on dependent rounding. However, what I've found are two papers: Gandhi, R., Khuller, S., Parthasarathy, S., Srinivasan, A., 2006. Dependent rounding and its applications to ...
5 votes
0 answers
118 views

Network design with reachability pattern

We are given two sets of terminals $A$ and $B$. For each $a\in A$, we are also given $R_a\subseteq B$. Let $|A|+|B|=n$. We want to find a directed acyclic graph $G$ where $A$ and $B$ are subsets of ...
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10 votes
4 answers
2k views

How do conference proceedings add to academic prestige?

I come from mathematics and, for whatever reason, am trying to publish in theoretical computer science. I'm still trying to understand the role of conference proceedings, and I have two specific ...
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2 votes
1 answer
237 views

Is $\{0,1\}$-Vector bin packing NP-Hard when vectors have constant dimension?

The paper https://cs.brown.edu/people/seny/pubs/vbponline.pdf discusses $\{0,1\}$-Vector Bin packing in the online setting and give lower bounds. However, they do not mention anything about the ...
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7 votes
1 answer
202 views

Complexity class of efficient streaming algorithms

Consider the class of problems $\mathsf{StreamL}$ which can be solved in logarithmic space reading the input in a single pass from left to right. In other words: $L \in \mathsf{StreamL}$ if there ...
6 votes
3 answers
636 views

Reference Request: Computational Learning Theory

Pretty soon I will be finishing up Understanding Machine Learning by Shai Ben-David and Shai Shalev-Shwartz. I absolutely love the subject and want to learn more, the only issue is I'm having trouble ...
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4 votes
1 answer
184 views

What is FO(REGULAR)? (The descriptive complexity equivalent of NC1)

According to Immerman's Descriptive Complexity diagram, there is a logic called $\mathsf{FO(REGULAR)}$ which captures $\mathsf{NC}^1$. However, I can't find the reference where this logic is defined. ...
0 votes
1 answer
214 views

Automatic theorem prover for first-order logic versus model checker

What's the formal difference between a model checker, and an automated theorem prover for first-order logic, i.e. something like Meson/Metis/Sledgehammer/Vampire/E? Link to a clear discussion of the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
155 views

Finding the size $k$ subset in a metric space that maximizes the min distance between elements

I have a metric space $(X,d)$ and I'd like to find a subset of size k of far away elements. We can cast this as the following optimization problem $\max_{S \subseteq X, |S| = k} ( \min_{i \not = j, ...
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3 votes
0 answers
105 views

Improving boolean circuits w.r.t. a probability distribution

This is a reference request. Consider the following problem on boolean circuits [ 1 ]: Given: Boolean circuit $B$ and probability distribution $\mathbb{P}$ on inputs to $B$. Task: Find one or more ...
7 votes
0 answers
164 views

Subgraph isomorphism on graph sequences

I'm looking for a subgraph isomorphism algorithm that takes advantage of properties of graph sequences. Say $\{G_i\}_{i=1}^k$ is a sequence of graphs on vertex set $\{1 ... n\}$, and two consecutive ...
2 votes
0 answers
116 views

Proof systems induced by NP-complete problems

Satisfiability is the fundamental NP-complete problem. Cook-Reckhow theorem states that the existence of a propositional proof system that admits polynomial size proofs for all tautologies implies ...
6 votes
0 answers
118 views

Programmatic higher inductive/inductive-inductive types with equalities between equalities

I can think of practical HITs in verified software that capture some form of alpha equivalence, context equivalence or the example which defines well-typed syntax of type theory from Signatures and ...
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2 votes
0 answers
105 views

Complexity of a scheduling problem with a fixed left bound of jobs

Consider the following scheduling problem. We have a finite set of jobs $\mathcal{J}= \{j_1, j_2, ..., j_n\}$ to do. Every job $j_i$ has its own value $c_i$ (the amount of money we are paid for ...
2 votes
2 answers
133 views

On the coloring number of small graphs with small cliques

Given a parameter $k$, and a graph $G$ with $O(k^2)$ vertices that has a maximum clique with $\le k$ vertices, I want to investigate the maximum number of colors $C(k)$ needed to properly color $G$, i....
3 votes
1 answer
314 views

Is this greedy algorithm for vertex cover studied before?

For the vertex cover problem (Given a graph $G$, find a minimum set $S$ of vertices such that $G - S$ is edgeless), there are two famous greedy algorithms. The edge greedy (finding an edge and taking ...
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1 vote
0 answers
1k views

How can I understand the Coppersmith–Winograd algorithm?

I want to do research on matrix multiplication algorithms. I glanced at the Coppersmith-Winograd algorithm paper, but I didn't understand anything. How can I complete the background to read this paper?...
3 votes
1 answer
130 views

Embarrassingly Parallel: Formal Definition & Citation

I've been unable to find a good answer for this question: Formally, what makes a problem embarrassingly parallel? Intuitively, it would seem to me that an embarrassingly parallel problem is one where: ...
3 votes
3 answers
799 views

Best parameterized algorithm for maximum clique

I have seen the basic algorithm for the maximum clique problem parameterized by the maximum degree at an algorithms course. However, I struggle to find anything better. Searching for things like "...
3 votes
0 answers
121 views

Equational Theories for Type Systems

I was reading through Gunter's Semantics of Programming Languages: Structure and Techniques and in the second chapter on simply typed $\lambda$ calculus he introduces an equational theory with $\beta\...
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1 vote
1 answer
594 views

Fast Computation of First k Eigenvectors of Graph Laplacian

I'm looking for references for the following; Given the unnormalized Laplacian matrix of a graph $L = D - A, ~ L \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ Algorithm(s) to efficiently estimate the first $k$ (...
1 vote
0 answers
228 views

Fast algorithms for evaluating functions with high Kolmogorov complexity

Motivation: I am motivated by a concrete example that occurs in neuroscience, dendritic computation, which may be approximated by functions computable on binary trees [1]. To be more precise, I ...
3 votes
1 answer
209 views

Kolmogorov Complexity of the composition of two computable functions

Let's suppose we encode two computable functions $f$ and $g$ as binary strings so $f,g \in \{0,1\}^*$. What I am curious about is whether we can find good upper and lower bounds for: \begin{equation}...
3 votes
0 answers
117 views

Isomorphic subforest problem

I recently read that the following problem is NP-Complete: Given a tree $T$, and a forest $F$, is there a subgraph of $T$ isomorphic to $F$? The reference provide was to the textbook “Computers and ...
15 votes
2 answers
2k views

NP-hard problems with very fast exponential-time algorithms

NP-hard problems with very fast exact exponential-time algorithms, say with $O(1.01^n)$ time, are very rare. Is any fact like "For any constant $\epsilon>0$ there is an NP-hard 'natural' ...
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1 vote
0 answers
102 views

Weighted circular balls into bins

I would like to ask you for a help about modified balls into bins problem. Consider $n$ weighted balls such that each ball has a weight $w_i$ that is at most $W$. Furthermore, each of $m$ bins has a ...
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5 votes
1 answer
510 views

If NP in BPP then NP equals RP

I am looking for a reference to the fact that if NP is included in BPP then NP is equal to RP. See for instance these links: https://cs.stackexchange.com/q/80509 http://www.inf.ed.ac.uk/teaching/...
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8 votes
1 answer
240 views

Complexity of graph isomorphism with properly colored edges (ref. request)

An edge-colored graph $G$ is a graph whose edges are labeled with a color (generally represented by an integer). Such a coloring is proper if all adjacent edges in $G$ have different colors. I ...

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