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Questions tagged [regular-language]

Questions about the formal languages that can be described by regular expressions (in the sense of Kleene), or, equivalently, the languages that can be accepted by finite automata.

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Regular languages accepted by an automaton with at most one transition per letter

I'm interested in the (very restricted) subset of regular languages for which there is an automaton having the following property: for every letter $a$ of the alphabet, the automaton has at most one ...
a3nm's user avatar
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12 votes
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Reference request: exponential growth rates of subsequence-closed languages are integers

This question is migrated from MathOverflow, where it did not receive any answers a year ago. For a language $L$ over the finite alphabet $\Sigma$, let $L_n$ denote the set of words in $L$ of length $...
Vince Vatter's user avatar
11 votes
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108 views

Chomsky-Schützenberger for Deterministic CFLs

Is there a Chomsky-Schützenberger representation theorem for deterministic CFLs? Knowing precisely the class of morphisms under which DCFL is closed, such a theorem would probably be of the form: $...
Michaël Cadilhac's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
297 views

Shortest string in the intersection of regular languages

Inspired by https://codegolf.stackexchange.com/questions/53310/shortest-universal-maze-exit-string Each of the 138,172 valid mazes can be represented as a DFA with 9 states (including starting and ...
ghosts_in_the_code's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
103 views

Does ${\bf CFLPAD}={\bf PPAD}$?

What happens if we define ${\bf PPAD}$ such that instead of a polytime Turing-machine/polysize circuit, a (non-)deterministic finite/push-down automaton encodes the problem? I asked a similar ...
domotorp's user avatar
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6 votes
0 answers
75 views

Updating (minimal) DFA incrementally

Is there algorithm to incrementally update (minimal) DFA? Namely, having relatively large minimized DFA I want to update it incrementally using union and sudtraction with other (relatively small, ...
gsv's user avatar
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6 votes
0 answers
207 views

Separation of the states of a deterministic omega-automaton by looping words taken from a regular language of non-empty words

Consider a deterministic transition structure having states in set $X$ and transition function $\rightarrow$, and an initial state $x \in X$. This structure is intended to be part of an automaton ...
vincenzoml's user avatar
5 votes
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169 views

The regularity of Markov chains with a threshold

(This question has been asked on math.se, with no response.) I am studying Paz's "Introduction to Probabilistic Automata" and there is an exercise I cannot solve: Ex. 11, p. 170: Let $\Sigma = \{a\...
Michaël Cadilhac's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
134 views

Learning a regular language with a specified closure property

Consider an alphabet $\Sigma$, and a partial transformation function $f:S\to\Sigma^\ast$ defined on some subset $S\subseteq\Sigma^\ast$. Let $S_f$ denote the set of strings $s\in S$ such that $f^n(s)\...
LegionMammal978's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
58 views

Reference for cost of translating between regular language formalisms

It is well-known that regular languages can be defined equivalently via many formalisms, among which regular expressions, NFAs, finite monoids, Monadic Second-Order logic (MSO). The cost (say in size ...
Denis's user avatar
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3 votes
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Restricted-Input Automaton

In the classic setting, an automaton for a language $L$ is required to accept all words in $L$ and reject/get stuck on every word in $\Sigma^*\setminus L$. All of the related concepts are then ...
R B's user avatar
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3 votes
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115 views

Transfering properties from subsets of $X^*$ to subsets of $X^{\omega}$ by using the topology induces by Cantor space

A language $L \subseteq X^*$ is non-counting of order $n > 0$ iff for all $u,v, w \in X^*$ $$ uv^nw \in L \Leftrightarrow uv^{n+1} w \in L. $$ A $\omega$-language (set of infinite sequences) $L \...
StefanH's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
246 views

Providence of pumping lemmas for regular languages

I'm looking to track down who discovered the following pumping lemmas for regular languages. (where $p$ is the pumping constant.) Reg($L) \rightarrow \exists p\forall w(\in L) \forall u_1u_2v(\in \...
C.E.Sally's user avatar
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2 votes
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Languages free of concatenations of stars

Union-free regular languages, defined by regular expressions (using $*$, literals (alphabet symbols), and concatenation) excluding union (written $+$ or $\cup$) have been studied. Note that unions ...
Bjørn Kjos-Hanssen's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
103 views

Necessary and sufficient condition for an infinite tree to be context-free

A Buchi automaton is non-empty iff it accepts an infinite word of the form $uv^\omega$ (here $u,v$ are finite words). In other words, if $\{w\}$ is an $\omega$-regular language, then it is of that ...
Faustus's user avatar
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2 votes
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Possibly small circuit complexity class containing REG?

What is the smallest well-known Boolean-circuit complexity class containing all the regular languages over the binary alphabet {0,1}? If we believe Theorem 2 in Koucký, Circuit Complexity of ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
105 views

Proof of the equivalence of Muller automata and Parity (or Rabin chain) automata

Let $A$ be some finite alphabet and $\mathcal A = (Q, \delta, q_0)$ be some determinisitic finite automaton. Then $\mathcal A$ accepts infinite words $\xi \in A^{\omega}$ according to the Muller ...
StefanH's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
36 views

Overlap operator for simple ( regex-like ) Patterns

( Introduction ) Some Notation lower case letters, $a, b, c$ will be used to denote single symbols Upper case letters, $P, Q, R$ will be used to denote string of symbols $a\!:\!S$ means a string ...
Sam Coutteau's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
30 views

Decidability of regular partition construction given its existence

Let $G = (N,T,P,S)$ be a context-free grammar where $T,N$ are sets of terminals and nonterminals respectively, $P$ contains all the productions of the grammar, and $S \in N$. If we know that $G$ is LL(...
user35443's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
125 views

Bounds on the construction of regular expressions' intersection operator

There are references on the exponential worst-case of the intersection operator for regular expressions (see [1]). However, I was wondering if there are similar results for the construction process ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
67 views

Rational power series over $\mathbb N \cup \{\infty\}$, rationality of singular part

Let $\Sigma$ be a finite alphabet, and consider the formel power series over $\Sigma$ considered as non-commuting variables with coefficients in the semiring $\mathcal N := \mathbb N \cup \{\infty\}$ ...
StefanH's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
200 views

Relation between MDPs and non-deterministic finite automatons

I'm confused as to the relation (computability-wise) between markov decision processes and NFAs. Are finite state MDPs expressible as regular grammars? If so, are markov decision processes thus ...
nanogru's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
108 views

Is there a signature of a first-order language that characterize the class of regular languages?

A previous question on this site was about extending the first-order logic with logical constants (quantifiers, fixed-point operators, etc.) to obtain a logical characterization of the class of ...
Pteromys's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
210 views

Why is an automaton on finite words co-deterministic iff its transitions are co-deterministic

In the article Automata and semigroups recognizing infinite words an automaton is specified by $\mathcal A = (Q, A, E, I, F)$ where $I$ is a set of initial states and $F$ a set of final states, $Q$ ...
StefanH's user avatar
  • 2,077
1 vote
0 answers
103 views

Automatic structures/functions: Is (Z,+) under a unary representation automatic?

The group $(\mathbb{Z}, +)$ is automatic (ala Khoussainov) when using the "standard" representation in a decimal base. But if I want to use a different representation of Z, encoding my integers with ...
C.E.Sally's user avatar
  • 313
0 votes
0 answers
68 views

How to reduce a code down to its configuration

I have built a system where from atomic information of a UI code I could generate a framework specific code. Here is the concept https://github.com/imvetri/ui-editor. For example, the user of this ...
Vetrivel's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

Capturing a particular regular language with $O(m)$ states

In dx.doi.org/10.1006/inco.2001.3069 the authors defined $NID_m = \{ u\in \{0,1\}^* | \exists i : u_i \neq u_{i + m} \}$ and claimed it could be recognized by a NFA of size $O(m)$. The paper mentions ...
Alex Williams's user avatar