Questions tagged [set-cover]

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Approximate inclusion-Exclusion?

I am trying to understand or find literature on the following problem of approximate inclusion exclusion. Let $S:=\{A_i\}_{i=1}^{m}$ be a set of $m$ sets. Every intersection of $k$ elements in $S$ ...
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Set cover with rewards

I am dealing with the following problem: Given a universe $U$, let $\mathcal{S}$ be a family of subsets of $U$. Each subset $S\in\mathcal{S}$ is associated with a non-negative reward, and each element ...
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37 views

Bounded-Frequency Minimum Set Cover Problem

Consider the special case of the minimum set cover problem where each element of the universe occurs in at most 3 sets. Can this problem be solved in polynomial time? Is there a nontrivial upper ...
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A Simpler Solution for a special case of the Set Cover problem

We decomposed a simple polygon into many small regions. Then we estimated a visibility polygon of a point by a subset of the small regions. Now I need the minimum set of visibility polygons that can ...
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Bound on Set Cover size between multiple families

I am working on a related Steiner tree problem that I have reduced to Minimum Set Cover, but stumbled across this related problem and got stuck. Given an universe of $n$ elements $U = \{1,2,\ldots,n\}$...
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1 answer
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Set cover where consecutive sets differ by at most one item [closed]

First I define my version of the set cover problem: We have a collection of sets such as $S_1, \dots, S_m$ where each $S_i$ is a subset of $M=\{1,\dots, m\}$. The goal is to find the minimum number of ...
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"Fast" approximation algorithm for geometric hitting set of same-height rectangles

In the Geometric Hitting Set problem, we are given a set of $m$ geometric objects and a set of $n$ points in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and we wish to find a small subset of the points that hits all the objects. ...
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2 votes
1 answer
74 views

Covering a binary relation as a union of rectangles

Given finite sets $X$ and $Y$ and a subset $R\subset X\times Y$, I want to express $R$ as a union $R=\bigcup_{i=1}^n X_i\times Y_i$ with $n$ as small as possible. Here, each $X_i\subset X$ and $Y_i\...
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4 votes
0 answers
46 views

Minimal partition covering?

I am working on a problem that arises in the design of experiments. I wonder if it is part of a well-studied class of problems. The problem is: Start with a set of points $S$ and a target partition of ...
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  • 141
-2 votes
1 answer
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Set cover with small subsets [closed]

Has the variant of the Set Cover problem where each set is of size at most $d$, for some given $d$, been studied? Is it polynomial-time solvable for $d=2$ and NP-hard for $d=3$ like SAT?
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Hardness of Approximation of Continuous Metric k-Median

First let me describe the metric $k$-median problem. Definition (Metric $k$-Median): Given a set $C$ of clients and a set $L$ of facility locations defined over a distance metric $d$. Open a set $F$ ...
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3 votes
1 answer
117 views

CNF encoding of set cover - NExpTime-completness

Notation: given a CNF formula A over variables X, we write $[A(X)]$ for the set of valuations $v: X \to \{0,1\}$ such that $A(X/v)$ is true, i.e. the set of valuations that makes formula A true. I ...
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0 votes
1 answer
296 views

What are the worst-case and average-case time complexities of the greedy algorithm for the weighted set cover problem?

Let $X$ be the universe of elements, $F$ a collection of subsets $S \subseteq X$, each with an associated cost. The goal is to find a subcollection $C \subseteq F$ of minimum total cost which covers $...
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2 votes
1 answer
104 views

Can the Banach-Tarski paradox be "realized" by floating-point round-off?

The Banach-Tarski paradox says that a ball in $\mathbb{R}^3$ can be partitioned into a finite number of pieces, whose rearrangement has a larger volume than the original. It occurred to me that it ...
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3 votes
0 answers
67 views

Hardness of Approximation of Set Cover with Growing Size Bound

I'm considering the minimum set cover problem with the constraint that each set contains at most $k$ elements. Here, $k$ depends on the size of the universe. For example, $k$ may equal $\log n,\sqrt ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Hardness result or reference for a set partition problem

I'm wondering if the following problem is (or has been proven to be) NP-Complete. Input: integer $n\ge0$, set $S_1,S_2,\ldots,S_{2n}$, set $T_1,T_2,\ldots,T_n$. Accept iff: there exists $\{a_i,...
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6 votes
1 answer
213 views

Minimal generator for a set of sets

Is this a known problem? Given a set of sets $S$ find a set of sets $B$ s.t. each set in $S$ can be obtained through unions of some sets in $B$. The set $S$ is already a solution but the objective is ...
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Polynomial approximation algorithm for set cover with assumption

We want to cover $n$ elements with some sets from $S_1, …, S_m$ (classical set cover). We furthermore suppose that any element belongs to at least $k$ sets and want to find a set cover with cardinal ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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About a pre-processing step for primal–dual weighted set cover problem

I was reading the paper titled "Primal-dual RNC approximation algorithms.." by Rajagopalan and Vazirani. I have a problem of understanding the Lemma 4.1.1. They present a dual fitting based algorithm ...
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11 votes
0 answers
379 views

Error in paper "Some NP-complete geometric problems"?

The paper in question: M.R. Garey, R.L. Graham and D.S. Johnson. Some NP-complete geometric problems . This paper proofs the NP-completeness of some well-known problems, such as the Steiner Tree ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Restricted Universe Exact Cover

Apologies for a simple question - I am a beginning graduate student in TCS. Consider the following $\mathrm{ExactCover}$ problem: Given a collection $\mathcal{S}$ of subsets of a universe set $U$ and ...
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1 answer
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Definition of k-set cover

I'm trying to understand the sparsification lemma by Impagliazzo, Paturi and Zane (IPZ) (from this article) and in their proof they reduce the k-SAT problem to the k-set cover problem. But their ...
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3 votes
1 answer
71 views

Complexity of Finding Optimal Synergistic Set Packings

Motivation: While developing tools for fast execution of machine learning workflows, we realized that many workflows require intermediate results -- sometimes we should cache these results, and ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Set cover by alternative of sets

I had this question when looking at problem C on this morning's code jam: Suppose you have a set $S$ and $N$ pairs of subsets $\{S_i^0, S_i^1\}$, $S_i^j\subset S.$ Does there exist a cover of $S$ ...
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2 votes
0 answers
107 views

Alternative Set Cover Algorithm With Doubling

I remember that I saw once an alternative to the greedy set cover algorithm that works as follows: Assign weight 1 to every element in the universe. Repeat steps 2 and 3 until the universe is covered:...
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4 votes
0 answers
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Approximating set cover when it is known that an exact set cover exists

Suppose $U = \{1, 2, \cdots, n\}$ is a universe and $\mathcal S = \{S_1, S_2, \cdots, S_m\}$ is a collection of sets such that each set contains exactly $c$ elements, where $c$ is a constant. In this ...
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2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Partial cover approximation

We have a set of elements $E=\{e_1, e_2, \ldots, e_m\}$, and $n$ subsets of $E$: $S_1, S_2, \ldots, S_n$ The union of those subsets is $E$, and each subset $S_i$ has a non-negative weight $w_i$. The ...
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3 votes
1 answer
404 views

What is the reverse of greedy algorithm for setcover?

A common approach to approximating SETCOVER is the greedy algorithm (Algorithm 2.2 Vazirani). This algorithm greedily picks the most cost-effective subset at each iteration, removes covered elements, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
980 views

Is there an approximation algorithm for MAX k DOUBLE SET COVER?

Given a set system $(X,\mathcal S)$, let us say that a subset $\mathcal C\subseteq \mathcal S$ doubly covers a vertex $x$ in $X$ if $x$ is contained in at least two sets of $\mathcal C$. Let us define ...
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2 votes
1 answer
508 views

Counting distinct set covers

I'm given a universal set $N = \{1, 2, \dots, n\}$, a family of sets $\mathcal{F} = \{ S_1, S_2, \dots, S_m \}$, $S_i \subseteq N$, and I need to count the number of distinct ways to cover the ...
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5 votes
1 answer
619 views

Bipartite Graphs - Maximum subset of one partition with at most n neighbours - NP-hard?

Given: A bipartite graph G=(U,V,E) Integers n and k. Decision Problem: Is there a subset of U of size k that has at most n neighbours? I am trying to figure out whether this problem is NP-hard (...
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0 votes
0 answers
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Optimizing distribution of load

I want to run $k$ programs distributed on $N$ machines. Because of resource constraints, a machine can have at most $p$ of the $k$ programs installed. To have a balanced system, I can install each of ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Variant of set cover problem with symmetric difference instead of union? [duplicate]

I am wondering if this problem has been studied, and in particular if there is an algorithm for it. Consider a universe $\mathcal U$ and a set $A \subseteq U$, and a family of sets $\mathcal F \...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Average number of sets given by greedy set cover? Is it uniform distribution?

We're covering the whole random universe $U$ of size $m$ with random sets $S_{1},\dots S_{n}$. I know that greedy set cover gives us a number between size of the minimal set cover and size of the ...
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3 votes
0 answers
129 views

Set cover approximation ratio as a function of m (number of sets)

Feige's well known result (and more recent results) show that set cover cannot be approximated within a factor of $(1 - o(1)) \ln n$, where $n$ is the number of variables. What if we want an ...
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16 votes
0 answers
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a geometric variant of k-medians. NP-hard or in P?

The following problem is a special case of k-medians. Is it NP-hard? Is it in P? Input: $n$ points $(x_1,y_1), (x_2,y_2), \ldots, (x_n, y_n)$ with each $y_i \ge 0$, and an integer $k$. Output: a set ...
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  • 8,143
1 vote
1 answer
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Minimum order of partite in a bipartite graph

I want to create a bipartite graph where the first partite $U$ contains $L$ vertices with degree $k$ and the second partite $V$ contains $N$ other vertices with degree $a$. I need to find the minimum ...
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5 votes
1 answer
284 views

Set cover in which some pairs of sets are forbidden

I'm trying to find an approximation algorithm for a variant of the weighted set cover problem. However, this variation doesn't seem to let me apply the traditional set cover arguments for an ...
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0 votes
1 answer
55 views

1-D set cover optimisation with connected subsets

Given a 1-D universe $U$ (e.g. $\mathbb{Z}$) and a set-of-sets $\pmb{S}$, where each element of $\pmb{S}$ is a closed, connected subset of $U$ (e.g. $[a .. b]$ given $ a,b\in\mathbb{Z}$) and $\bigcup\...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Parameterized complexity of Exact Cover

Consider the following $\mathrm{ExactCover}$ problem: Given a collection $\mathcal{S}$ of subsets of a universe set $U$ and an integer $K$, find whether there exists a subcollection $\mathcal{S}^* \...
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12 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is this variant of set cover problem known as?

Input is a universe $U$ and a family of subsets of $U$, say, ${\cal F} \subseteq 2^U$. We assume that the subsets in ${\cal F}$ can cover $U$, i.e., $\bigcup_{E\in {\cal F}}E=U$. An incremental ...
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5 votes
3 answers
388 views

Variation on partial Set Cover with penalties

I'm looking at the following problem, which I'm hoping is perhaps a known variant of the Set Cover problem: Input: We're given a universe $U$ and two disjoint subsets $A$ and $B$ such that $A \cup B=...
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  • 171
-1 votes
1 answer
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Combinatorial algorithm for load balancing

I have a problem that can be solved with linear programming, but I'm hoping there's a combinatorial algorithm for this (even approximation is fine). This is basically a load balancing problem using ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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Set Cover with bounded intersection size

So, the set cover problem is trivial if none of the candidate sets intersect eachother. However, what if the size of the intersection for any pair of candidate sets was at most 1? Is this problem NP-...
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2 votes
1 answer
266 views

Set cover with budget on sets

I am wondering if this is a studied variant of the Set Cover problem. We are given a universe $X$, a collection of sets $S = \{S_1, ..., S_m\}$ and integers $c_i$. We want to cover all elements in $...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Do there exist "odd times" cover problems and what do we know about their approximability?

I am currently investigating a problem which can be formulated as a cover problem, in which real intervals have to be covered an odd number of times by integers. My question is just, if anybody has ...
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2 votes
2 answers
468 views

Covering by disjoint sets

We are given a universe $\mathcal{U}=\{e_1,..,e_n\}$ and a set of subsets $\mathcal{S}=\{s_1,s_2,...,s_m\}\subseteq 2^\mathcal{U}$. I'm interested in the approximability of two problems, or in ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Why doesn't the standard analysis of set cover $H_n$ greedy extend to partial cover?

Several authors, starting with Slavik, have noted that the classical analysis of the set cover $H_n$ greedy algorithm does not readily extend to the set partial cover problem, where the goal is to ...
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5 votes
1 answer
464 views

Worst case ratio between minimum clique cover and maximum independent set

The maximum independent set problem gives a lower bound for the minimum clique cover problem. This is easy to see because given any clique cover together with an independent set, any two vertices ...
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7 votes
1 answer
880 views

Approximating Max-Coverage when the elements need to be covered multiple times

In the set multicover problem we are given a set N of n elements and a set S of m subsets of N. Additionally, each element has a coverage requirement, i.e. the number of times it has to be covered. ...
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