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Questions tagged [space-bounded]

Questions about space resources of computations in computational complexity or algorithms.

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Is CFL strictly contained in NL?

We know that $\mathsf{REG}=\mathsf{NSPACE}(O(1))$ and $\mathsf{CSL}=\mathsf{NSPACE}(O(n))$. What is the relation of $\mathsf{CFL}$ and $\mathsf{NSPACE}(O(\log n))=\mathsf{NL}$? Is $\mathsf{CFL}$ a ...
cineel's user avatar
  • 241
13 votes
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Consequences of bipartite perfect matching not in NL?

Are any significant consequences known of $\text{BPM} \not\in \textsf{NL}$? I'm interested in the status of the following well-studied decision problem, in particular whether it is known to be in $\...
András Salamon's user avatar
13 votes
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Non-deterministic logspace with two-sided error

The class BPL is the set of all problems solvable by a Turing machine running in logarithmic space and polynomial time with two-sided error; that is, if $x\in L$ then the machine accepts with ...
Lior Eldar's user avatar
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13 votes
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Is there any known nontrivial result on QIP systems having a space-bounded verifier?

Is there any known nontrivial result on quantum interactive proof (QIP) systems having a space-bounded verifier? The only paper I know is An application of quantum finite automata to interactive ...
Abuzer Yakaryilmaz's user avatar
11 votes
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Which algorithm can do a stable in-place binary partition with only O(N) moves?

I'm trying to understand this paper: Stable minimum space partitioning in linear time. It seems that a critical part of the claim is that Algorithm B sorts stably a bit-array of size n in O(nlog2n) ...
AShelly's user avatar
  • 211
10 votes
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Alternative proofs of Savitch's theorem?

Question: Are there any known proofs of Savitch's theorem that $NL \subseteq L^2$ besides the usual one? By the usual one I mean the proof based on recursively querying whether there is a midpoint. ...
Elle Najt's user avatar
  • 1,469
10 votes
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Statistical tests between L and LogCFL

Statistical tests are used to check whether a source of randomness is "good". Blum and Goldreich (1992) mentioned two types of statistical tests : (1) deterministic polynomial time statistical tests ...
Shiva Kintali's user avatar
7 votes
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Integer queue summation

As part of a project I'm working on, we came up with an efficient algorithm for approximating the sum of an integers queue. The setting is as follows: Let $\epsilon>0$. we need to maintain a space-...
R B's user avatar
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7 votes
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complexity of Sokoban with a small number of boxes

(I asked a very concise version of this one month ago on cs.stackexchange, and although it got edited, it was not (otherwise) responded to.) In this post, for positive integer values $k$, "$k$-...
user avatar
6 votes
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What is the space complexity of computing the eigenvectors of a matrix?

By the answer to this question, computing the eigenvalues of a matrix to within $2^{-n}$ precision can be done in polylogarithmic space. Is it also possible to compute the eigenvectors of a matrix to ...
jschnei's user avatar
  • 161
5 votes
1 answer

Polylog-space vs NP

Let $\text{polyL} = \cup_{c} \text{SPACE}[\log^c n]$ be the set of all problems that can be solved using polylog space, what is known/believed about its relation with NP? And perhaps even PP? I'm ...
quantumrock's user avatar
5 votes
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Reduction between functions that preserves time and space-complexity

Under which reduction(s) is the class $\mathsf{FTISP}(t(n), s(n))$ closed? Let $\mathsf{FTISP}(t(n), s(n))$ the class of functions from $\{0,1\}^*$ to itself that are computable by a Turing machine ...
Bruno's user avatar
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5 votes
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Is anything known about Sokoban with only 1 box?

This is intended to be a simpler version of my earlier question here. In this post, 1-Sokoban-search is Sokoban with only 1 box, 1-Sokoban-decision is the corresponding decision problem, and 1-Sokoban ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer

Implicit characterization of sublogarithmic space

Let $SUBLOG = DSPACE(o(\log(n)) \setminus DSPACE(O(1))$ be the set of languages decidable with less than logarithmic space, but more than a constant amount of space, on a multi-tape Turing machine ...
Jake's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is there a certificate definition for polyL?

Arora explained in his book a certificate definition for $\mathsf{NL}$ using a read-once tape. Can we apply a similar definition for the class $\mathsf{polyL}$?
Frank's user avatar
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3 votes
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The number of words of length $n$ in a context-sensitive language

Let $L$ be a context-sensitive language, $s_{L}(n)$ is denoted by the number of words of length $n$ in $L$. What is known about $s_{L}(n)$? Note that it is known that $s_{L}(n)$ is either polynomial,...
Blanco's user avatar
  • 421
3 votes
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references for optimal computation under memory constraint?

Can someone help me find some references for finding good execution schedule given memory constraint? Assuming computation graph is simple in some sense (ie, small tree-width) There is this reference ...
Yaroslav Bulatov's user avatar
3 votes
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$NC^i \subseteq DSPACE[\log^i{n}]$?

The containment $NC^1 \subseteq DSPACE[\log{n}]$ is simple and well-known (assuming a reasonable notion of uniformity for $NC^1$) and follows by: start with an $O(\log{n})$-depth polynomial sized ...
SamiD's user avatar
  • 2,319
2 votes
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Is scalable hardware support for LogCFL (= sAC^1) possible?

The (uniform) circuit classes $TC^0$, $NC^1$ and $sAC^1$ seem to lend themselves to efficient hardware implementation. But using an FPGA approach to create the circuits on the fly seems problematic, ...
Thomas Klimpel's user avatar
1 vote
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Circuit games in extensive form with imperfect information

Consider $l,m,n,N \in \mathbb{N}$ and circuits $C: \{0,1\}^{l+m} \rightarrow \{0,1\}^l$, $D: \{0,1\}^{l+n} \rightarrow \{0,1\}^l$. Consider the following zero-sum two-layer extensive-form game with ...
Vanessa's user avatar
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1 vote
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What is the minimal known space for polytime algorithms

Let L be a language whose minimal running time is $O(n^k)$ do we know of any bounds on the minimal amount of space necessary to compute L other than the trivial $n^k$? Are there any conjectured bounds?...
Josh F's user avatar
  • 111