# Questions tagged [spectral-graph-theory]

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### Fast Computation of First k Eigenvectors of Graph Laplacian

I'm looking for references for the following; Given the unnormalized Laplacian matrix of a graph $L = D - A, ~ L \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ Algorithm(s) to efficiently estimate the first $k$ (...
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### How is SDP an extension of spectral algorithms?

In one of his lectures, Uri Feige described semidefinite programming (SDP) as ... an algorithmic technique that extends both linear programming and spectral algorithms. I know the basic ...
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### Purely spectral algorithms for the minimum spanning tree problem

There are many algorithms that address the MST problem, from classical (Boruvka, Prim, Kruskal), optimal (Pettie et al.) to their distributed variants (Bader et al.). However, I fail to find any ...
525 views

### Eigenvalues of adjacency matrix of a connected bipartite graph

Let $G=(V,E)$ is a connected d-regular bipartite graph with the same number of vertices on both sides of the bipartition. It's known that that the largest eigenvalue of its adjacency matrix would be d,...
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### Dichotomy of the spectra of directed graphs

Compared to spectra of undirected graphs, which correspond to symmetric matrices, the spectra of directed graphs is not very well known: It is known that a directed graph $G = (V,E)$ has an adjacency ...
183 views

### About some possible optimality properties of Ramanujan graphs

The Ramanujan graphs are optimal from the Alon-Bopanna point of view but.. Is there any sense in which one can call Ramanujan graphs to be the "optimal" spectral sparsifiers? (Reference : http://...
153 views

### Construction of a graph which has regular subgraphs at each iteration of a recursive process

I am studying Graph Isomorphism and also trying to figure out the complexity of a certain class of graph. The graph I am studying at the moment is described below Description : $G$ is a $r$ regular ...
304 views

### Are there sparsifiers that approximate vertices rather than edges?

Originally introduced by Benczur and Karger, cut sparsifiers let one take a dense graph $G=(V,E)$ and produce a weighted sparse graph on the same vertex set, where - only knowing the sparse graph ...
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Can someone kindly help clarify as to exactly what is the generally accepted definition of the "sparsest cut" problem for a graph? (Isn't the set which achieves the Cheeger constant for a graph, ...
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### Is the Cheeger constant $\mathsf{NP}$-hard?

I have read in uncountably many articles that determining the Cheeger constant of a graph is $\mathsf{NP}$-hard. It seems to be a folk theorem, but I have never found either a quote or a proof for ...
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### Graph has several MST what does it mean combinatorically?

This question is not theoretical, it's about combinatorial meaning. In graph theory there is a notion of complexity of a graph, which is equal to the number of spanning trees in a graph, which ...
363 views

### Second eigenvalue and the last eigenvalue

Note : All eigenvalues that I would referring to below would of the adjacency matrix of the graph My question arises from having read about Expander Graphs from a few different sources. The most ...
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### Bounds on the smaller eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of a graph

Are there any known (non-trivial) bounds (combinatorial in nature, based on poly-time computable properties of a graph) on the third, down to the smallest, eigenvalue of an (un-weighted) adjacency ...
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### Extension of Cheeger's inequality with distinguished vertices

The standard Cheeger's inequality for graph $G$ states that $\frac{1}{2}$ $\lambda$ < $\phi(G)$ < $\sqrt{2\lambda}$ where $\lambda$ is the second smallest eigenvalue of the normalized ...
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### Applications of Spectral Graph Theory in Information and Coding Theory

I wanted to find out what are some application of SGT in the area of information and coding theory and maybe communications. The most related that comes to mind is the work on Expander Codes Michael ...
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### Bipartite maximum matching size from eigenvalues

Supposing we know the adjacency matrix $\mathcal{A}_{G}$ of a given regular (or irregular) bipartite graph $G$. Are there good lower and upper bounds to the size of maximum matching from the graph's ...
268 views

### Spectral gap for random bipartite regular graphs

For a graph $G$, let its Laplacian be $\Delta =I − D^{−1/2}AD^{−1/2}$, where $A$ is the adjacency matrix, $I$ is the identity matrix and $D$ is the diagonal matrix with vertex degrees. I'm ...
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### Making an adjacency matrix positive semidefinite

I would like to ask how can we transform an adjacency matrix of a graph into a positive semidefinite matrix. Of course, we could set self loops, but I do not know of any result indicating how we can ...
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### Maximum imbalance in a graph?

Let $G$ be a connected graph $G = (V,E)$ with nodes $V = 1 \dots n$ and edges $E$. Let $w_i$ denote the (integer) weight of graph $G$, with $\sum_i w_i = m$ the total weight in the graph. The average ...
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### Effect of different graph operations at algebraic connectivity of graph laplacian?

The algebraic connectivity of a graph G is the second-smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of G. This eigenvalue is greater than 0 if and only if G is a connected graph. The magnitude of this ...
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### Proofs obtained only through spectral graph theory

I have an increasing interest in spectral graph theory, which I find fascinating, and I've started collecting a few documents that I have yet to read more thoroughly than what I so far have. However, ...