# Questions tagged [submodularity]

In mathematics, submodular functions are set functions which usually appear in approximation algorithms, functions modeling user preferences in game theory,economics, combinatorial optimization, electrical networks and operations research.

29 questions
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### Extreme rays of the cone of submodular functions

Consider a ground set $U=\{1,2,...,n\}$ and the set $\mathcal{F}$ of all non-negative submodular functions $f: 2^U \mapsto \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$. The set $\mathcal{F}$ is closed under taking linear ...
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### Minimizing entropy plus a modular function

I have a question about whether there are faster algorithms for specific submodular minimization problems. In particular, I am trying to find a fast algorithm for minimizing the following set ...
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### Maximize the weight of MST + sum of vertex weights

I am considering a problem where the goal is to choose a subset of size $k$ of the vertices in a graph, such that the weight of their minimum spanning tree + the sum of their vertex weights is ...
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### Properties of convex polytope of 0-1 matrices

Problem setting Consider a set $S = \big\{ 1,2,\cdots,n \big\}$. Now consider $k$ equal-sized subsets $S_i \subset S$ s.t of size $\big|S_i\big|=n' \;\forall i$. Consider a $k\times k$ matrix $M$ ...
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### Minimizing a submodular function given noisy oracle access

Let $f\colon 2^{[n]} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a submodular function (one can assume $f$ is bounded, if this helps). We are given noisy oracle access to $f$: on any $S$ and for any $\tau > 0$, one can ...
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### NP-hardness of approximation for unconstrained submodular maximization

The problem of unconstrained submodular maximization can be phrased as follows: Given a non-negative submodular function $f$ on a domain $D$ find a set $S \subseteq D$ maximizing $f(S)$. Here a ...
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### Maximum weight matching and submodular functions

Given a bipartite graph $G = (U \cup V, E)$ with positive weights let $f: 2^U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with $f(S)$ equal to the maximum weight matching in the graph $G[S\cup V]$. Is it true that $f$ ...
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### Maximizing a monotone supermodular function s.t. cardinality

I've tried to comb the literature and seen a lot of references to results that almost but don't quite seem to address this. Question: Is it known to be true or is there a hardness result ...
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### Maximize number of bins and minimize cost of elements chosen from a set

I am considering the following problem: there is a set of elements $S$ where each element is assigned to a bin $B$. The bins are disjoint and their union is $S$. There is also a cost function ...
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### When can a convex function induce submodularity?

Say I have a real valued convex function $f$ on the hypercube $[-1,1]^n$. Let $f'$ be the induced function on the discrete hypercube $\{-1,1\}^n$. Now I want to find a vertex on $\{-1,1\}^n$ on which ...
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### How to sample from a distribution with submodular weights

Is there a known algorithm for sampling a set $S \subset \{1,...,n\}$ with probability $p_S = \frac{e^{f(S)}}{\sum_{T \subset \{1,...,n\}} e^{f(T)}}$ where $f: 2^{\{1,...,n\}} \to \mathbb{R}$ is a ...
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### Hardness of Minimizing Submodular Functions with Cardinality Constraints

I am new to submodular functions and I am reading the introductions to submodular functions and applications ( https://www.ima.umn.edu/optimization/seminar/queyranne.pdf ). In this introduction, it ...
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### Are there any interesting open questions having to do with submodularity, specially in the intersection of theoretical machine learning?

I was interested in knowing about open research topics related with sub modularity, specially within its intersection with theoretical machine learning (and related topics). I am particularly ...
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### Maximizing a submodular function with restricted values

Maximizing a general monotone submodular function $f$ under the constraint that $|S|\leq k$, can be approximated to $(1-1/e)$. I am wondering if a better approximation algorithm exists if the ...
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### Name for the “stronger submodularity” property in cut function

Let $f:2^V \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a set function over $V$ that satisfies the following: $f(A \cap B) + f(A \cup B) \le f(A) + f(B)$ $f(A \backslash B) + f(B \backslash A) \le f(A) + f(B)$. ...
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### Submodular function re-optimization (after an update)

The problem I have is as follows: I know the minimizer/minimum of a non-negative submodular function, and want to use this to efficiently compute the minimizer/minimum of a "perturbed" submodular ...
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### Maximizing a submodular function of two sets with different size constraints

I have two totally distinct domains (apples and oranges) and I have a function $f$ that takes a set of objects from the first domain and a set of objects from the second domain and returns a real ...
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### Maximizing difference of a submodular and a modular function

I'm considering a network planning problem which is stated as follows: From the given ground set $\mathcal{V}$, select $\mathcal{A} \subseteq \mathcal{V}$ such that \begin{equation} f(\mathcal{A}) - \...
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### Term rewriting for proving inequalities

Suppose $f$ is a submodular set function on a universe $U$ of size $n$. For $k \in \{0,\ldots,n\}$, let $$F(k) = \operatorname*{\mathbb{E}}_{X \in \binom{U}{k}} f(X),$$ where $\binom{U}{k}$ is the ...
A set-function $f$ is monotone submodular if for all $A,B$, $$f(A) + f(B) \geq f(A \cup B) + f(A \cap B).$$ A stronger property is  \begin{multline*} f(A) + f(B) + f(C) + f(A\cup B\cup C) \geq \\...
Given a submodular function $f$ on $\Omega=X_1\cup X_2$ where $X_1$ and $X_2$ are disjoint and $f(S)=f_1(S\cap X_1)+f_2(S\cap X_2)$. Here $f_1$ and $f_2$ are submodular on $X_1$ and $X_2$ respectively....