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Questions tagged [treewidth]

Questions regarding the treewidth of graphs. Graphs of low treewidth admit fast divide-and-conquer algorithms for many graph problems that are NP-hard on general graphs.

22 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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Complexity of the homomorphism problem parameterized by treewidth

The homomorphism problem $\text{Hom}(\mathcal{G}, \mathcal{H})$ for two classes $\mathcal{G}$ and $\mathcal{H}$ of graphs is defined as follows: Input: a graph $G$ in $\mathcal{G}$, a graph $H$ in $...
a3nm's user avatar
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14 votes
0 answers
232 views

Counting solutions to extended MSO formulas, and sampling -- do these appear in the literature?

I am trying to determine if the literature contains various extensions of Courcelle's theorem. Since I haven't been able to find these in the literature, I guess that these are folklore results, or ...
Elle Najt's user avatar
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7 votes
0 answers
120 views

Deterministic approximation algorithms for treewidth

As far as I understand, the factor $O(\sqrt{\log OPT})$ approximation algorithm for treewidth of Feige, Hajiaghayi, and Lee is randomized, and no deterministic approximation algorithm with this factor ...
daniello's user avatar
  • 3,266
7 votes
0 answers
99 views

Complexity of computing the simplicial width of a graph

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a finite undirected graph. A tree decomposition $(T,\lambda)$ of $G$ is a tree $T$ with labeling function $\lambda : T \to 2^{V}$ such that: For every edge $\{v_1,v_2\} \in E$, there ...
M.Monet's user avatar
  • 1,429
6 votes
0 answers
351 views

Grid-Minor Theorem of Robertson and Seymour and its Algorithmic Applications

Graph-Minor Theorem of Robertson and Seymour [1] states that if graph G has large treewidth, then it contains a large grid as minor. Most approximation results on general classes of graphs with ...
user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
219 views

Decomposition based on approximate separators in graph

Suppose I want to find vertex subset $S$ of graph $G=(V,E)$ such that any simple closed walk that visits vertices both in $S$ and in $V\backslash S$ has length $\ge g$ The idea is to relax ...
Yaroslav Bulatov's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
134 views

What is the smallest graph of treewidth $k$ having less edges than the $(k+1)$-clique?

Treewidth is a graph parameter measuring how close a graph is to being a tree. I am interested in what is the minimal number of edges required for a graph to have treewidth $k$. A natural family of ...
a3nm's user avatar
  • 9,419
5 votes
0 answers
182 views

Trading treewidth for depth in Boolean circuits

We know that languages defined by (poly-sized) Boolean formulae equals $\mathbf{NC}^1$: that Boolean formulae can be simulated in $\mathbf{NC}^1$ was shown by Brent/Spira [B,S], and the converse is ...
ckamath's user avatar
  • 223
5 votes
0 answers
148 views

How much does treewidth changes after removal of a path?

Let $G$ be a graph such that $\mathrm{tw}(G)=t$. Let $t' = \min\limits_{u,v \in V(G)} \max\limits_{P \text{ is a path from } u \text{ to } v} \mathrm{tw}(G - P)$. Then how small $t'$ can be? My ...
Artur Riazanov's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
1k views

Tree decomposition for DAGs

Tree decompositions and treewidth are a standard way to measure how close an undirected graph is to a tree. I am studying decompositions of directed acyclic graphs (DAGs), and have come to define them ...
a3nm's user avatar
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4 votes
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572 views

How to go from a DAG model to bounded treewidth?

I am cross posting this question from CS.SE since I believe it is research-related question. Given a Bayesian Network DAG $G$, we can transform it into a junction tree $T_G$ by performing two steps:...
seteropere's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
117 views

Approximating Front Size of Asymmetric Matrices

The front size of a matrix $A$ is the largest number of non-zeros below the diagonal in any column of its Cholesky factor. If $A$ is symmetric then the minimum front size of $A$ is equal to the ...
Shiva Kintali's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
79 views

What is the expected treewidth of a large-treewidth graph intersected with Erdos-Renyi graph?

Suppose we have a graph $G$ with treewidth $t$. Let $p \in (0,1)$ be a constant. Then let's independently remove each edge from $G$ with probability $p$. What is the expected treewidth of the ...
Artur Riazanov's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
97 views

How typical are odd-H-minor free graphs?

Can anything be said about how typical are odd-H-minor free graphs? (definition of odd-minor-free is in Section 2.2 of notes, page 20 of slides). For instance, for a random graph with $n$ vertices, $...
Yaroslav Bulatov's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
77 views

Can the theory of Bidimensionality be applied to weighted instances of a problem?

So my understanding of bidimensionality is you are assured the problem solution is about O(k^2) so you can pay O(k) purely to reduce the instance to one of bounded treewidth. As far as I know, this ...
Hao S's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
268 views

Paper regarding the complexity of the longest path problem on weighted directed graphs of bounded treewidth

I would like to cite a paper/report/etc that solves the following problem polynomially in $n$: Given a weighted directed graph $G=(V,E)$, $|V|=n$, of bounded treewidth $k \in \mathbb{N}$ and a source-...
cs_student_273's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
49 views

Bound on the treewidth of a graph from modular contraction

I cannot find a reference for this easy to prove result concerning the treewidth of a graph with respect to the treewidth of a modular contraction of it. Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph. A module $M \...
holf's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
96 views

Can someone recommend a reference on graph minors structure theorem and sublinear treewidth?

Can someone recommend a reference on graph minors structure theorem and sublinear treewidth? Doesn't have to be the newest/strongest results as long as it's easier than tracking down all the papers ...
Hao S's user avatar
  • 228
1 vote
0 answers
69 views

Directed tree decompositions on subtrees of DAGs

Given a DAG, is the arboreal decomposition of the DAG with the guarantee that given a node $x$, $v$ such that $x$ is reachable from $v$ are in the subtree of $x$? If not, is there a similar ...
shgr1092's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
282 views

Directed NP Hard Problem on DAG

There are problems that are NP-Hard on undirected graphs(maximum weight independent set and graph coloring) but are polynomial time solvable on trees. Tree decomposition is a good tool to talk about ...
am_rf24's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
157 views

What's the connection between branchwidth and treewidth

I understand that treewidth and branchwidth are essentially equivalent for a fixed graph, given that $branchwidth(G) = Θ(treewidth(G))$. However, my question pertains to a specific case involving ...
Jxb's user avatar
  • 316
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0 answers
78 views

Low-Treewidth Sorting Networks

It was previously asked if there exist Boolean circuits of treewidth $O(\log n)$ that compute the majority function $\text{MAJ}_n$ on $n$ inputs. While a construction using online algorithms and the ...
Cornelius Brand's user avatar