# Questions tagged [tsp]

The travelling salesman problem (TSP) is an NP-hard problem in combinatorial optimization studied in operations research and theoretical computer science. Given a list of cities and their pairwise distances, the task is to find a shortest possible tour that visits each city exactly once.

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### what is the real difference between traveling salesman problem (TSP) and vehicle routing problem (VRP)?

Both problems are well-known NP-hard problems with great similarities. In fact, I do not see the real difference between these two problems. It seems relatively easy to model TSP in the form of VRP ...
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### Bottom up TSP solution?

I'm not sure if this is something new or if I'm just not getting previous efforts. TSP can be thought of as a list of weighted links and nodes. If one takes the Nearest Neighbor (NN) of every node and ...
287 views

### A Travelling Salesman variant where the next distance depends on distance travelled so far

The travelling salesman problem can be seen as a problem of selecting a permutation on $\{1,\ldots,n\}$ of minimun length, where the length of a permutation $\sigma$ is determined by pairwise ...
1 vote
629 views

### Generate TSP instances with known optimal

Is there a known (polynomial in number of nodes) algorithm to generate TSP instances with known optimal value? The idea is to be able to generating arbitrary large instances with known optimal value,...
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### Reduction from Traveling Salesman

Consider the decision problem: "Given a complete weighted graph $G=(V,E)$, an integer $k\in\mathbb N$ and two nodes $s,t\in V$ decide if $G$ has a path of at least weight $k$" I had to ...
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### What is known about (upper bounds on) the LP gap of the (symmetric) Travelling salesman in special instances?

What is known about the LP gap of (the natural Held-Karp relaxation of) the (symmetric) Travelling salesman in special instances? I'm only aware of one special case where the extreme points are all ...
7k views

### Time complexity of Held-Karp algorithm for TSP

When I looked through "A Dynamic Programming Approach to Sequencing Problems" by Michael Held and Richard M. Karp1, I came up with the following question: why the complexity of their ...
1 vote
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### Cheapest Insertion is $2$-approximation for TSP

Consider the Cheapest Insertion Algorithm on a complete graph with $n$ vertices, where each edge $uv$ has a weight $w(uv)$, and the weights satisfy the triangle inequality $w(xz)\leq w(xy)+w(yz)$ for ...
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### Is the traveling salesman problem still NP-hard if all edges need to be covered as well?

If we formulate the travelling salesman problem with an added edge-covering constraint as follows, is it still NP-hard? Given a graph G with non-negative edge weights, is there a circular walk in G ...
1 vote
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### TSP variant in which edge costs depend on the already visited vertices

Does a TSP variant exist in which edge costs depend on the vertices already visited? For instance, if you already visited vertices A, B, and then C, in that order, then now the cost to traverse CD = 5,...
393 views

### Error in paper "Some NP-complete geometric problems"?

The paper in question: M.R. Garey, R.L. Graham and D.S. Johnson. Some NP-complete geometric problems . This paper proofs the NP-completeness of some well-known problems, such as the Steiner Tree ...
14k views

### Approximation algorithms for Metric TSP

It is known that metric TSP can be approximated within $1.5$ and cannot be approximated better than $123\over 122$ in polynomial time. Is anything known about finding approximation solutions in ...
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### Ordering tours in a Euclidean TSP according to (strictly) increasing length

Let $H$ be the set of all Hamiltonian cycles on the complete graph $K_n$ associated with a set of $n \geq 4$ points $P$ in the plane where edge weights are defined using the Euclidean distance between ...
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### Complexity of comparing polygon perimeters

The problem of comparing the lengths of two paths of line segments connecting points in $\mathbb{Q}^2$ is not known to be in $\text{P}$, nor even in $\text{NP}$. Does requiring that the paths begin ...
912 views

### Ant colony optimization for traveling salesman problem with changing graph-nodes/vertices

Are there any publications focusing on solving TSP with ant colony optimization that consider small changes in the graph's nodes or vertices? So what I have is: a traveling salesman problem (TSP) ...
436 views

### Arora's PTAS for Euclidean TSP details

I'm currently doing an internship, in which studying TSP and its algorithms are involved. I'm doing fine with understanding the 2 and 1.5-approximation algorithms for the Metric TSP, but when I come ...
869 views

### Euclidean TSP in NP and square root complexity

In this lecture notes by Ola Svensson: http://theory.epfl.ch/osven/courses/Approx13/Notes/lecture4-5.pdf, it is said that we don't know if Euclidean TSP is in NP: The reason being that we do not ...
387 views

### Travelling Salesman Problem where a subset of the nodes must be visited in a particular order

I’m curious whether there is any work on the variant of the Travelling Salesman Problem where a subset of the nodes must be visited in a particular order. I haven’t found anything with searches or in ...
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### Dance Partner Problem NP-completeness [closed]

I really can't think of a concise way to phrase this problem, which makes it hard to search for, so forgive me if this is a duplicate question. I've come across a problem and I would like to know if ...
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### Good algorithms to solve ATSP

What are some good neighborhood-based local search algorithms or strategies to solve the Asymmetric TSP ? I see many 2-OPT and K-opt based algorithms (e.g. Lin-Kernighan implementations), but I think ...
154 views

### TSP heuristics for limited distance information

this is my first question on Theoretical CS. :) I've posted a similiar question on Mathoverflow and a friendly user advised me to post my question on this site. Problem: I'm looking for TSP ...
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This question was previously posted to Computer Science Stack Exchange here. Imagine you're a very successful travelling salesman with clients all over the country. To speed up shipping, you've ...
628 views

### TSP with multiple visits

Can you please suggest possible approaches for the following problem: Find a path through graph vertices so that the distance (sum of edges weights) between two vertex $i$ occurrences would be no ...
876 views

### Algorithm to maximize profit: ways to solve/approach? (Advanced NP-Complete)

This one's hard, so all help really appreciated! I know it is NP-Complete and thus cannot be solved in polynomial time, but looking for help in analysis, i.e. what type of NP-Complete problem it ...
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### Approximation Algorithm for TSP-like problem

Suppose we are given a graph with distances for each of the edges and merit for each of the nodes. What are the best (approximation) algorithms for computing the the most meritorious simple path with ...
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### Special cases of Graphic TSP

In Graphic TSP, you are given an unweighted undirected graph $G$ and the goal is to find a shortest tour in $G$ that visits every vertex at least once. Note that this is NOT same as finding a ...
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### Ordered routing problem which is NP-hard

All the np-hard routing problems I know are of the form, minimize some quantity while visiting the verticies in an unordered way. Are there problems which are still np-hard, if one has to visit the ...
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### ATSP with direction restrictions

I'm trying to find any material on this problem. It extends the Asymmetric Travelling Salesman Problem (ATSP) in that it requires for some destinations that they are approached in the specified ...
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### Travelling Salesman and Planar Travel - Generalized TSP

Our beloved Travelling Salesman just bought the Manual of the Planes and wants to make some use of it. He is not a great adventurer though, so he will restrain his travels in the Parallel and ...
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### Is there a series of algorithms for approximating TSP polynomially?

I've began studying some CS recently, and I've faced the TSP. The decision problem version of the TSP is NP-complete, right? I've noticed (and elaborated myself) that there exists several polynomial ...
1 vote
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### Simple spatial ordering or TSP algorithms?

I'm not sure if this is the right place to ask, but I suppose you'll tell me. I'm writing a program that produces a series of points on a map, and I need to put the points in some linear order so ...
985 views

### Why is Metric TSP's best possible achieved approximation ratio believed to be 4/3?

Is it just that integrality gaps (LP/IP) for specific instances do not give more than 4/3? Thanks in priori.