All Questions

-2
votes
0answers
47 views

Is there and efficient procedure to test whether a clause is implied by a given CNF formula?

I have a CNF formula $F$ and a clause $c$ defined on the same set of variables. I would like to know if $c$ is implied by $F$ i.e. if $F \vDash c$. To achieve this I could just test if the formula $F\...
-2
votes
0answers
52 views

Is this paper proposing to study uncomputable simulations?

In this paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/1205.1407, the author proposes to study the universe (and possibly multiverses) through computer simulations of universes. But there's one thing I still don't ...
-1
votes
0answers
8 views

Incrementally Adding Nodes to GML network graph

So, I've been using the NetworkX python library to generate some random graphs with particular properties (in case I'm using the powerlaw cluster graph generator) and I want to incrementally expand it....
8
votes
0answers
92 views

Does ${\bf CFLPAD}={\bf PPAD}$?

What happens if we define ${\bf PPAD}$ such that instead of a polytime Turing-machine/polysize circuit, a (non-)deterministic finite/push-down automaton encodes the problem? I asked a similar ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Permuting the columns of a 0/1-matrix to avoid short segments

Consider an $n \times n$ table with $n$ stars such that each row contains at most $\log n$ stars. The stars break each row into segments (continuous parts of a row without stars). Let's call a segment ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Lower bound on the support size of an $\epsilon$-biased distribution

Let $D$ be an $\epsilon$-biased distribution we want to show that $$\text{Supp}(D)\geq \Omega\bigg(\frac{n}{\epsilon^2\log(\frac{1}{\epsilon})}\bigg)$$ I know that there are some proofs for this but I ...
10
votes
2answers
183 views

Does a given regular language contain an infinite prefix-free subset?

A set of words over a finite alphabet is prefix-free if there are no two distinct words where one is a prefix of the other. The question is: What is the complexity of checking whether a regular ...
-2
votes
1answer
58 views

Which one of the following is the correct asymptotic notation? [closed]

While studying the complexity theory, I encountered a question which is as follows:- Which one of the following is correct? 1) θ(g(n)) = O(g(n)) ∩ Ω(g(n)) 2) θ(g(n)) = O(g(n)) ∪ Ω(g(n)) I know ...
5
votes
0answers
99 views

Evaluating addition chains

I hope this is a suitable place to ask this question. An addition chain of size $n$ is a sequence $x_1, \dots, x_n$, where $x_1$ is fixed to 1 and $x_i = x_j + x_k$ for some $j,k < i$. I am ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Is there an efficient way to reduce a set of graphs under isomorphism?

Suppose we have a set $S$ of (fixed-size) graphs, many of which are isomorphic to each other. How do you find a minimum-size set $M$ of graphs such that every $g\in S$ is isomorphic to some graph in $...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Points of a finite set wihtin a ball

I am looking for data-structures to store efficiently a set of points $E$ in an euclidean space of dimension $d$. In particular, I would like to be able to solve the problem of finding all the point ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Can a term on normal form prove an illogical assertion?

Suppose we take a language such as Agda and disable the features that make it consistent; for example, universe polymorphism, structural recursion checks and similar. Suppose then that we take a term ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Optimally fair stable matching

There's a nice post by Gil Kalai which outlines the inherent bias in stable matching algorithms quantitatively. In the traditional loyd shapeley algorithm for $n$ men and $n$ women, given randomly ...
5
votes
1answer
148 views

Minimal information needed for determine some function

From calculus, we know that if someone has a continuous function $f$, it is enough to know $f$'s values on the rationals in order to know $f$ on the entire line. In some sense, a "countable amount of ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Does BQP contain any NP-Complete problem?

From the Wikipedia documentation, "the suspected relationship of BQP to other problem spaces" diagram suggests no intersection between NP-complete problems and BQP. Has this been demonstrated or not?
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Does an Earley parser equipped with LL(1)-style lookahead parse in linear time for all LL(1) grammars?

If a standard Earley parser (with proper handling of nullable non-terminals, see Section 4 of "Practical Earley Parsing" by Aycock and Horspool) is modified with LL(1)-style lookahead, does it then ...
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

QMA definition of difference between probabilities intuition

I'm reading about the complexity classes related to quantum computation, currently I'm studying QMA class. A language is in QMA(c,s) if there exists a polynomial time verifier and polynomial $p(n)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

PTAS for projective clustering : survey

$(k,j)$-projective clustering is the natural generalisation for k-clustering, in which one needs to find $k$ $j$-flats in $\mathbb{R}^d$ that minimizes the cost function as defined below: Given a $j$-...
-4
votes
2answers
77 views

Is it possible to have a sorting algorithm that computes faster than QuickSort? [closed]

Given an unsorted array, QuickSort has to touch each source element it is trying to sort multiple times before it declares an array as sorted. (notice how many times the 2 is touched [circled in red ...
6
votes
1answer
90 views

Why is the “general notion of a reduction […] inherent to the notion of self-reducibility”?

While reading "Computational Complexity: A Conceptual Perspective" by Oded Goldreich, I have come across the following passage, which I simply cannot get my head around: Note that the general ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Assumption of unique shortest paths in subcubic reduction

In the paper "Subcubic equivalences between graph centrality problems, APSP and diameter", it is shown that the all pairs shortest path problem (APSP) and the problem of computing the betweenness ...
8
votes
0answers
179 views

SAT Solvers and their applications

I've been reading and learning about SAT solvers this week. If they can solve problems with thousands of variable quickly haven't we practically solved ANY problem that can be reduced to it, including ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

Pop desired elements on stacks of bounded capacity

Consider there are $k$ stacks containing a total of $n$ elements. Each element is either red or blue. We have complete knowledge of each element's location and color. Only push and pop are allowed on ...
6
votes
0answers
76 views

Can relativization technique be applied to natural NP-complete languages?

Levin [1] defined distNP is the distributional problem (L,D), where L ∈ NP, and D is an ensemble of efficiently samplable distributions over problem instances. We say that a distNP problem (L,D) is ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Are there any continuous-time stochastic processes in which transition probabilities are discontinuous functions over time? [closed]

In stochastic processes, like homogeneous Markov processes, Poisson processes, Queueing systems etc., the functions that represent (transition) probabilities are continuous over time. This is also ...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

Deciding whether a graph contains a complete balanced bipartite graph

Is it known whether the following problem is in P or is NP-complete? Problem: given an input graph $G$ on $n$ vertices, decide whether $G$ contains a complete $n/2 \times n/2$ bipartite graph.
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Complexity of low-rank matrix factorizations with rows in a simplex and outliers

Our goal is to obtain a matrix factorization in form of $M = U V'$, where $U\in\mathbb{R}^{d\times r}, V \in\mathbb{R}^{N\times r}$ and each row of $V$ satisfies $$ \sum_{j}(V)_{ij}=1, (V)_{ij}\ge 0 $$...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Internal information is at most expected number of bits

I am freely using known terms from communication complexity. Let $u$ be a distribution on $X\times Y$, and $P$ a randomized (private randomness) communication protocol. We define $IC(u,P) = I(P;X|Y)...
-1
votes
0answers
39 views

Proofs of the form “$A, B \in \mathcal{NP}\setminus{\mathcal{P}}, \ A, B \not\in \mathcal{NP-C}, \ A \not\leq_p B$” [migrated]

I'm currently learning about complexity classes and I have a few general questions: Assume $A, B \in \mathcal{NP}\setminus{\mathcal{P}}, \ A, B \not\in \mathcal{NP-C}$ are people generally ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Fixed dimension Linear Integer Programming in $NC$

We know if fixed dimension linear integer programming is in $NC$ then integer $GCD$ is in $NC$. Is this the only non-trivial implication of fixed dimension linear integer programming in $NC$?
-1
votes
1answer
56 views

Formally prove that the loops of this sorting algorithm will terminate [closed]

Given is the sorting algorithm Bubblesort ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Stable order on binary strings

I need some order on binary strings such that if I have a small (but superlinear in their length) number of sufficiently different strings, the order will stay the same if I change a few bits in the ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Newman's lemma for distributional communication complexity

This may be obvious — sorry if it is. Newman's lemma (Newman91] shows that any public-coin communication protocol to compute a Boolean function $f\colon \{0,1\}^n\times\{0,1\}^n\to\{0,1\}$ can be ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Is a reference on T a subtype of T?

If I take the book Practical Foundations for Programming Languages by Robert Harper, the following definition is given for subtyping: A subtype relation is a pre-order on types that validates the ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Back-propagation for computing derivative of certain line integral

Consider a function F (think of neural networks) with two sets of parameters: (1) model parameters $\mathbf{w}$, and (2) input data ${\bf x} \in {\mathbb R}^d$. Fix $i \in [d]$, consider the following ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Best approach for allocation problem

I am a bit rusty on optimization algorithms and need an advice. This is my problem: I have n images (with width and ...
1
vote
0answers
196 views

EXPSPACE proof and its implications

I'm dealing with the min-max regret 0-1 Integer Linear Programming problem (MMR-ILP, for short), which is formulated as below. \begin{equation} \label{eq:nip_obj} \min_{x \in \Phi} \sum_{i = 1}^n ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

Complexity of Acyclic Hypergraph Isomorphism

It is well known that the graph isomorphism problem restricted on trees is much easier than the general case. It can be done in logarithmic space (Jenner B, Lange KJ, McKenzie P. "Tree isomorphism and ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

Are there hypothesis classes that are hard to learn but easy to test?

Let $H$ be a binary hypothesis class, it is easy to see that if $H$ is (efficiently) properly PAC learnable then it is also (efficiently) testable (here we use the standard notion of within or $\...
7
votes
1answer
173 views

Distinguishing a biased coin with a small set of tests

Say we have a "coin" $f : [n] \to \{\pm 1\}$ so that either $f$ is balanced, or $f$ is $\epsilon$-far from being balanced. It's a classic result that sampling $O(1/\epsilon^2)$ random points of $f$ ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Is this a knapsack problem?

I have a set of $K$ keywords. Each of this keywords can have a set of bids from $1\$,\ldots, N\$$. For each bid for a keyword, it will get a specific amount of clicks and a specific cost. Clicks and ...
6
votes
2answers
255 views

Is getting post-doc difficult in theoretical computer science with few published papers? [closed]

I am a Ph.D student ( expected to graduate in few months ) works in computational mathematics. In my PhD, I have published just couple of research papers. I am willing to go for a post-doc( US, Europe,...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Subset Sum Problem and hard looking instances that are not really hard

I have been working in a subset sum solver (some new approach) and while working on the time complexity analysis I found what I describe below. Maybe this could explain why some "hard looking" ...
7
votes
2answers
184 views

Is uniform convergence faster for low-entropy distributions?

Let $\mathcal D$ be a probability distribution on $\{0,1\}^d$. Let $X_1, \cdots, X_n \in \{0,1\}^d$ be i.i.d. samples from $\mathcal D$. Let $\mu \in [0,1]^d$ be the mean of $\mathcal D$ and let $\...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

Strong Normalization of Extended Calculus of Constructions (CC with cumulative universes)

There are some proofs around to prove the strong normalization of the calculus of constructions (i.e. that all type systems in the lambda cube are strongly normalizing). I have analyzed the proof ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Distinguising between the cases of low or high cover number

Is there a known result saying that for some constants $0 < a < b < 1$, it is NP-hard to distinguish a graph having vertex cover number at most $a \cdot n$ from a graph having vertex cover ...
5
votes
1answer
188 views

Evaluation of an arithmetic formula where the time depends on the length of the arguments of gates

Let $(X,+,\cdot)$ be a commutative ring. Let $|\cdot|\colon X\to \mathbb{N}$ be a function that satisfies $|x+y|\leq |x|+|y|$ and $|xy|\leq |x|+|y|$. We call the function length, and length is always ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Is balanced Hamiltonian cycle NP complete on maximal plane graphs?

I know that the Hamiltonian cycle is NP complete on the class of maximal plane graphs. If we instead ask about balanced Hamiltonian cycles (i.e. same number of faces on both sides) on maximal plane ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

What is the right term/theory for prediction of Binary Variables based upon their continuous value?

I am working with a linear programming problem in which we have around 3500 binary variables. Usually IBM's Cplex takes around 72 hours to get an objective with a gap of around 15-20% with best ...
2
votes
1answer
318 views

Is there a counterexample to this work?

Is there a counterexample to this claim https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.00353? They claim a $O(n^6)$ LP model with simulations to support. I think asking validity is not a reasonable problem. However ...

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